Thorium is the ninety element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Thorium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Thorium are:
Atomic Symbol of Thorium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Thorium is “Th”
Atomic Number of Thorium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Thorium is 90. This shows Thorium is the ninety element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Thorium
Short Electronic Configuration of Thorium is [Rn]7s2 ,6d 2
Block of Thorium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Thorium belongs to the f-block of the periodic table. F block is the fourth block in the periodic table.
Period of Thorium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Thorium is placed in the seventh period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Thorium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Thorium is 14.06 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Thorium , we get 14.1 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Thorium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Thorium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Thorium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Thorium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Thorium gas is 1750 °C.
Boiling Point of Thorium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Thorium gas is 4820 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Thorium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Thorium is 16 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Thorium gas is 530 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Thorium at STP is 118 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Thorium . Let’s find out all the material properties of Thorium .
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Thorium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Thorium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Thorium
The density of Thorium element is 11.724 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Thorium
The molar volume of Thorium is 19.792 cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Thorium Atom
The mohs hardness of Thorium element is 3
Bulk modulus of Thorium Gas
The bulk modulus of Thorium Gas is 54 GPa
Shear modulus of Thorium atom
The shear modulus of Thorium element 31 GPa
Young's modulus of Thorium
The young's modulus of Thorium atom 79 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Thorium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Thorium gas is 219 MPa.
Sound speed of Thorium atom
The sound speed of Thorium gas is 2490 m/s
Thermal expansion of Thorium
The thermal expansion of Thorium is 1.1 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Thorium
The thermal conductivity of Thorium is 54 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Thorium .
Electromagnetic properties of Thorium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Thorium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Thorium
The magnetic type Thorium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Thorium element
The resistivity of Thorium element is 1.5 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Thorium gas
The electrical conductivity of Thorium element is 6.7 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Thorium element
The magnetic type of Thorium atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Thorium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Thorium is 8.4 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Thorium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Thorium is 7.2 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Thorium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Thorium gas is 1.7 x 10-9 m3/mol
Color of Thorium Gas
The color of Thorium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Thorium gas.
Reactivity of Thorium
Valency of Thorium
The valency of a Thorium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Thorium is 4.
Electronegativity of Thorium
Electronegativity of Thorium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Thorium has 1.3 electronegativity.
First ionization energy of Thorium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Thorium is 587 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Thorium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Thorium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Thorium atom is 3 F2
Atomic Radius of Thorium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Thorium is 180 pm.
Covalent Radius of Thorium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Thorium is 206 pm.
Abundances of Thorium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Thorium in the universe
The abundance of Thorium in the universe is 4 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Thorium in the solar system
The abundance of Thorium in the solar system is 3 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Thorium in earth's crust
The abundance of Thorium in earth's crust is 6 x 10-4 mass %
Abundance of Thorium in ocean
The abundance of Thorium in ocean is 4 x 10-12 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Thorium
The universe molar abundances of Thorium is 2 x 10-10 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Thorium
The solar molar abundances of Thorium is 2 x 10 -10 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Thorium
The ocean molar abundances of Thorium is 1.1 x 10-6 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Thorium
The crust molar abundances of Thorium is 5.4 x 10-5 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Thorium
The crust molar abundances of Thorium is 0 mol %
Nuclear properties of Thorium
Half life of Thorium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Thorium is 14.06 Gyr.
Decay mode of Thorium
The decay mode of Thorium is alpha emission
Stable isotopes of Thorium
The stable isotope of Thorium is 232 (100%)
Nuclear Spin of Thorium
The nuclear spin of Thorium is 232 Th: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Thorium
The unstable isotopes of Thorium is 230 Th (75,440yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Thorium
The neutron cross section of Thorium is 7.4 b
Identifiers of Thorium
CAS Number of Thorium
The CAS number of Thorium is 7440-29-1
PubChem CID number of Thorium
The PubChem CID number of Thorium is 23960
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
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