What is a redox reaction calculator?
Redox reactions are the ones in which both the processes of oxidation and reduction are occurring side by side. Therefore, we also referred to them as oxidation-reduction reactions.
Since the process of oxidation-reduction involves the addition and removal of atoms and charges, writing a balanced chemical equation for such reactions is quite a daunting task.
But, thanks to the redox reaction calculator which makes it easier for students and researchers to balance a complicated redox equation in just a second.
Redox calculator is an online tool which you can use for free. The redox reaction calculator tells whether a reaction is actually a redox reaction or not.
Similarly, it also balances the number of charges, ions, and atoms at both sides of the equation to help you understand the reaction more easily.
You just have to insert the equation and the calculator will display oxidation and reduction reactions separately. In this way, it makes the process of calculations easier and faster.
Related: Find more about chemical reactions and their different types.
How does a redox reaction calculator work?
This redox reaction calculator uses an ion-electron method that is also known as the half-reaction method.
The equation that you insert in the corresponding bar is split into two halves. One of these two parts shows an equation for oxidation reaction while the other part shows the chemical equation for redox reaction.
After splitting the equation into two parts, both the equations are balanced separately by adding or removing the missing or extra charges and atoms respectively.
In the end, both these balanced half-reactions are again combined in the form of one equation to give you a properly balanced oxidation-reduction equation. You can also get benefit by using the oxidation number calculator or molar mass calculator.
How to use the redox reaction calculator?
This redox reaction calculator can, undoubtedly, balance any kind of simple and complicated redox equation in less than a minute. However, it is only possible if you write your equation in the bar by following some basic rules such as follows
- This redox equation balancer doesn't count the space since they are completely irrelevant. For example, if you type Fe(CN)6 that would be equal to the Fe(CN)6
- You don't need to type the charges in the form of subordinates. Just insert a charge into the equation as it is. For example, for Mn2+, Mn2++, or Hg2×2+, you can write Mn2+, Mn2++, or Hg2×2+.
- You can use all types of brackets or parenthesis to avoid making an error while typing the formula of a metal complex. For example, if you write [Fe2(SO4)3], the redox reaction balancer will detect it.
- To differentiate the left-hand side of the reaction from the right-hand side, you can use signs like "- - >" or "=" in place of the equation symbol.
- You have to type the chemical symbol of each element, present in the compound, correctly by maintaining uppercase and lowercase letters. If you write a chemical formula in fully capitalized form, for example, NAOH, or FESO4, the redox calculator will not identify the compound.
- After typing the unbalanced redox chemical equation, choose the medium in which the reaction is taking place; acidic or basic, so the balance redox reaction calculator can solve your equation accordingly.
Percent composition calculator is another online calculator which can be very helpful for your learning and practice.
How can you balance a redox reaction?
Besides using balancing redox reaction calculator, you can also learn the manual way for balancing redox reactions. Find below steps to learn:
Step 1: Write unbalanced chemical equation
First of all, write down your unbalanced chemical equation and split it into two halves. For these purposes, follow the guidelines
- Assign the oxidation state or number to every atom. If even the oxidation state of an atom is zero on either side, write it as zero.
- After this, identify the redox couples (the atom which is getting reduced in an equation on the left-hand side to oxidize another atom on the right-hand side).
- In the end, write down the redox couple in a set of half-reactions.
Step 2: Balance every Atom
The next step is to balance every atom in both half-reactions. While balancing, keep these general rules in your mind
- Balance all the atoms except for oxygen and hydrogen.
- Try to balance the number of oxygen atoms on both sides with water molecules.
- To balance hydrogen atoms, utilize H+ ions.
- If the reaction is taking place in the basic medium, insert a hydroxyl ion for every hydrogen ion on both sides.
Step 3: Balance Electrons
After balancing the number of atoms on both sides, now it's time to balance the number of electrons. Note down where an electron is added to a compound and write it as electron loss at the other side of half-reactions.
Step 4: Simplify the equation
Add both the half-reactions together and cancel out the similar atoms and ions to simplify the equation. Balancing chemical equations calculator with steps can help to balance and simplify the equation online. In the end, check again whether the number of charges and elements are balanced on both sides or not.