Thallium is the eighty-one element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Thallium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Thallium are:
Atomic Symbol of Thallium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Thallium is “Tl”
Atomic Number of Thallium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Thallium is 81. This shows Thallium is the eighty-one element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Thallium
Short Electronic Configuration of Thallium is [Xe]6s2 ,4 f14 ,5d 10, 6 p1
Block of Thallium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Thallium belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Thallium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Thallium belongs to the thirteen group.
Period of Thallium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Thallium is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Thallium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Thallium is 204.38 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Thallium , we get 204 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Thallium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Thallium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Thallium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Thallium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Thallium gas is 304 °C.
Boiling Point of Thallium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Thallium gas is 1473 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Thallium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Thallium is 4.2 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Thallium gas is 165 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Thallium at STP is 129 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Thallium . Let’s find out all the material properties of Thallium .
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Thallium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Thallium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Thallium
The density of Thallium element is 11.85 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Thallium element
The liquid density of Thallium atom is 11.22 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Thallium
The molar volume of Thallium is 17.247cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Thallium Atom
The mohs hardness of Thallium element is 1.2
Bulk modulus of Thallium Gas
The bulk modulus of Thallium Gas is 43 GPa
Shear modulus of Thallium atom
The shear modulus of Thallium element 2.8 GPa
Young's modulus of Thallium
The young's modulus of Thallium atom 8 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Thallium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Thallium gas is 7 MPa.
Sound speed of Thallium atom
The sound speed of Thallium gas is 818 m/s
Thermal expansion of Thallium
The thermal expansion of Thallium is 2.99 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Thallium
The thermal conductivity of Thallium is 46 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Thallium .
Electromagnetic properties of Thallium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Thallium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Thallium
The magnetic type Thallium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Thallium element
The resistivity of Thallium element is 1.5 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Thallium gas
The electrical conductivity of Thallium element is 6.7 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Thallium element
The magnetic type of Thallium atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Thallium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Thallium is -3.56 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Thallium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Thallium is -3 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Thallium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Thallium gas is -6.13 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Thallium Gas
The color of Thallium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Thallium gas.
Reactivity of Thallium
Valency of Thallium
The valency of a Thallium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Thallium is 3.
Electronegativity of Thallium
Electronegativity of Thallium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Thallium has 1.62 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Thallium
Electron affinity of Thallium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Thallium is 19.2 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Thallium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Thallium is 589 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Thallium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Thallium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Thallium atom is 2 P1/2
Atomic Radius of Thallium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Thallium is 190 pm.
Covalent Radius of Thallium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Thallium is 145 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Thallium
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Thallium is 196 pm.
Abundances of Thallium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Thallium in the universe
The abundance of Thallium in the universe is 5 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Thallium in the solar system
The abundance of Thallium in the solar system is 1 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Thallium in earth's crust
The abundance of Thallium in earth's crust is 5.3 x 10-5 mass %
Abundance of Thallium in ocean
The abundance of Thallium in ocean is 1 x 10-10 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Thallium
The universe molar abundances of Thallium is 3 x 10-10 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Thallium
The solar molar abundances of Thallium is 9.9 x 10 -10 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Thallium
The ocean molar abundances of Thallium is 1 x 10-12 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Thallium
The crust molar abundances of Thallium is 5 x 10-6 mol %
Nuclear properties of Thallium
Half life of Thallium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Thallium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Thallium
The stable isotopes of Thallium are 23 Na (70.476%) | 203 Tl (29.534%)
Nuclear Spin of Thallium
The nuclear spin of Thallium is 203Tl: 1/2+ | 105 Tl: 1/2+
Unstable isotopes of Thallium
The unstable isotopes of Thallium is 204Tl (3.77 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Thallium
The neutron cross section of Thallium is 3.4 b
Identifiers of Thallium
CAS Number of Thallium
The CAS number of Thallium is 7440-28-0
PubChem CID number of Thallium
The PubChem CID number of Thallium is 5359464
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
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