Sulfur is the sixteenth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Sulfur
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Sulfur are:
Atomic Symbol of Sulfur
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Sulfur is “S”
Atomic Number of Sulfur
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Sulfur is 16. This shows Sulfur is the sixteenth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Sulfur
Short Electronic Configuration of Sulfur is [Ne]3s2 3P 4
Block of Sulfur in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Sulfur belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Sulfur in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Sulfur belongs to the sixteenth group.
Period of Sulfur in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Sulfur is placed in the third period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Sulfur
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Sulfur is 32.06 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Sulfur , we get 32.06 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Sulfur
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Sulfur are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Sulfur is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Sulfur
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Mixed Sulfur and Monoclinic sulfur gas is 112.8 °C and 115.2 °C.
Boiling Point of Sulfur
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Mixed Sulfur and Monoclinic sulfur gas is 444.7°C and 444.6°C.
Critical Temperature of Sulfur
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Monoclinic sulfur gas is 1314 K.
Critical Pressure of Sulfur
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Sulfur gas is 20.7 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Sulfur
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Mixed Sulfur and Monoclinic sulfur gas is 1.2 and 1.721 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Mixed Sulfur and Monoclinic sulfur gas is 8.9 and 45 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Sulfur at STP is 705 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Sulfur . Let’s find out all the material properties of Sulfur .
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Sulfur gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Sulfur as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Sulfur
The density of Mixed Sulfur and Monoclinic sulfur element is 2.07 and 2 g/cm3.
Liquid Density of Sulfur element
The liquid density of Sulfur atom is 1.819 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Sulfur
The molar volume of Sulfur is 16.363/mol
Mohs hardness of Sulfur Atom
The mohs hardness of Sulfur element is 2
Bulk modulus of Sulfur Gas
The bulk modulus of Sulfur Gas is 7.7 GPa
Thermal Conductivity of Sulfur
The thermal conductivity of Sulfur is 0.205 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Sulfur .
Electromagnetic properties of Sulfur
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Sulfur gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Sulfur
The magnetic type Sulfur refers to the fact that it is a insulator.
Resistivity of Sulfur element
The resistivity of Sulfur element is 1 x 1015 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Sulfur gas
The electrical conductivity of Sulfur element is 1 x 10-15 s/m
Magnetic type of Sulfur element
The magnetic type of Sulfur atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Sulfur
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Sulfur is -1.22 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Sulfur
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Sulfur is -6.2 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Sulfur
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Sulfur gas is -1.99 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Sulfur Gas
The color of Sulfur gas is yellow.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Sulfur gas.
Reactivity of Sulfur
Valency of Sulfur
The valency of a Sulfur element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Sulfur is 6.
Electronegativity of Sulfur
Electronegativity of Sulfur is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Sulfur has 2.58 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Sulfur
Electron affinity of Sulfur gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Sulfur
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Sulfur is 999.6 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Sulfur have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Sulfur
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Sulfur atom is 3 P 2
Atomic Radius of Sulfur
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Sulfur is 100 pm.
Covalent Radius of Sulfur
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Sulfur is 105 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Sulfur
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Sulfur is 180 pm.
Abundances of Sulfur
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Sulfur in the universe
The abundance of Sulfur in the universe is 0.05 mass %
Abundance of Sulfur in the solar system
The abundance of Sulfur in the solar system is 0.04 mass %
Abundance of Sulfur in earth's crust
The abundance of Sulfur in earth's crust is 0.042 mass %
Abundance of Sulfur in ocean
The abundance of Sulfur in ocean is 0.093 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Sulfur
The universe molar abundances of Sulfur is 0.002 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Sulfur
The solar molar abundances of Sulfur is 9.9 x 10 -4 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Sulfur
The ocean molar abundances of Sulfur is 0.018 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Sulfur
The crust molar abundances of Sulfur is 0.027 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Sulfur
The crust molar abundances of Sulfur is 0.039 mol %
Nuclear properties of Sulfur
Half life of Sulfur
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Sulfur is stable.
Stable isotopes of Sulfur
The stable isotopes of Sulfur are 32 S (95.02%)
Nuclear Spin of Sulfur
The nuclear spin of Sulfur is 32 S: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Sulfur
The unstable isotopes of Sulfur is 35 S (87.51 days)
Neutron Cross Section of Sulfur
The neutron cross section of Sulfur is 0.52 b
Identifiers of Sulfur
CAS Number of Sulfur
The CAS number of Sulfur is 7704-34-9