Table of contents

Silver is the forty-seven element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

Basic elemental properties of Silver

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Silver are:

Atomic Symbol of Silver

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Silver is “Ag”

Atomic Number of Silver

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Silver is 47. This shows Silver is the forty-seven element of the periodic table.

Short Electronic Configuration of Silver

Short Electronic Configuration of Silver is [Kr]5s1 4d 10

Block of Silver in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Silver belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the second block in the periodic table.

Group of Silver in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Silver belongs to the eleventh group.

Period of Silver in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Silver is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

Atomic Mass of Silver 

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Silver is 107.8682 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Silver, we get 107 u.

Thermodynamic properties of Silver

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Silver are:

Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Silver is “Solid”.

Melting Point of Silver

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Silver gas is 961.78 °C.

Boiling Point of Silver

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Silver gas is 2162 °C.

Molar Heat of Fusion of Silver

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Silver is 11.3 kJ/mol.

Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Silver gas is 255 kJ/mol.

Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Silver at STP is 235 J(kgK).


 

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Silver. Let’s find out all the material properties of Silver.

Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Silver gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Silver as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

Density of Silver

The density of Silver element is  10.49 g/cm3

Liquid Density of Silver element

The liquid density of Silver atom is 9.32 g/cm3 

Molar Volume of Silver

The molar volume of Silver is 10.283cm3/mol

Mohs hardness of Silver Atom

The mohs hardness of Silver element is 2.5

Bulk modulus of Silver Gas

The bulk modulus of Silver Gas is 100 GPa

Shear modulus of Silver atom

The shear modulus of Silver element 30 GPa

Young's modulus of Silver

The young's modulus of Silver atom 83 GPa

Ultimate tensile strength of Silver element

The ultimate tensile strength of Silver gas is 140 MPa.

Sound speed of Silver atom

The sound speed of Silver gas is 2600 m/s

Thermal expansion of Silver

The thermal expansion of Silver is 1.89 x 10-5 K-1

Thermal Conductivity of Silver

The thermal conductivity of Silver is 430 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Silver.

Electromagnetic properties of Silver

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Silver gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

Electric type of Silver

The magnetic type Silver refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

Resistivity of Silver element

The resistivity of Silver element is 1.6 x 10-8 Ωm

Electrical conductivity of Silver gas

The electrical conductivity of Silver element is 6.2 x 107 s/m

Magnetic type of Silver element

The magnetic type of Silver atom is diamagnetic

Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Silver

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Silver is -2.38 x 10 -5

Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Silver

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Silver is -2.27 x 10-9 m3/kg

Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Silver

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Silver gas is -2.45 x 10-10 m3/mol

Color of Silver Gas

The color of Silver gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Silver gas.

Reactivity of Silver

Valency of Silver

The valency of a Silver element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Silver is 1.

Electronegativity of Silver

Electronegativity of Silver is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Silver has 1.93 electronegativity.

Electron affinity of Silver

Electron affinity of Silver gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Silver is 125.6 kJ/mol

First ionization energy of Silver

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Silver is 731 kJ/mol


 

Atomic properties

The atomic properties of Silver have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.

Term Symbol of Silver

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Silver atom is 2 S1/2

Atomic Radius of Silver

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Silver is 160 pm.

Covalent Radius of Silver

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Silver is 145 pm.

Van der Waals Radius of Silver

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Silver is 172 pm.

Abundances of Silver

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present. 

Abundance of Silver in the universe

The abundance of Silver in the universe is 6 x 10-8 mass %

Abundance of Silver in the solar system

The abundance of Silver in the solar system is 1 x 10-7 mass %

Abundance of Silver in earth's crust

The abundance of Silver in earth's crust is 7.9 x 10-6 mass %

Abundance of Silver in ocean

The abundance of Silver in ocean is 1 x 10-8 mass %

Universe Molar Abundances of Silver

The universe molar abundances of Silver is 7 x 10-10 mol %

Solar Molar Abundances of Silver

The solar molar abundances of Silver is 9.9 x 10 -10 mol %

Ocean Molar Abundances of Silver

The ocean molar abundances of Silver is 5.7 x 10-10 mol %

Crust Molar Abundances of Silver

The crust molar abundances of Silver is 2 x 10-6 mol %

Nuclear properties of Silver

Half life of Silver

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Silver is stable.

Stable isotopes of Silver

The stable isotopes of Silver are 107 Ag (51.839%) ꘡ 109 Ag (48.161%)

Nuclear Spin of Silver

The nuclear spin of Silver is 107 Ag: ½- ꘡ 109 Ag : ½-

Unstable isotopes of Silver

The unstable isotopes of Silver is 105 Ag (41.28 Days)

Neutron Cross Section of Silver

The neutron cross section of Silver is 63.6 b

Identifiers of Silver

CAS Number of Silver

The CAS number of Silver is 7440-22-4

PubChem CID number of Silver

The PubChem CID number of Silver is 23958

Online Calculators

There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:

Other Periodic table elements

Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen
Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur
Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium
Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium
Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium
Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium
Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium
Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium
Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium
Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury
Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium
Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium
Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium
Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium
Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson