Scandium is the twenty-oneth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Scandium

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Scandium are:

### Atomic Symbol of Scandium

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Scandium is “Sc”

### Atomic Number of Scandium

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Scandium is 21. This shows Scandium is the twenty-oneth element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Scandium

Short Electronic Configuration of Scandium is [Ar]4s2 3d 1

### Block of Scandium in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Scandium belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.

### Group of Scandium in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Scandium belongs to the third group.

### Period of Scandium in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Scandium is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Scandium

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Scandium is 44.955908 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Scandium, we get 45 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Scandium

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Scandium are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Scandium is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Scandium

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Scandium gas is 1541 °C.

### Boiling Point of Scandium

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Scandium gas is 2830 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Scandium

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Scandium is 16 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Scandium gas is 318 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Scandium at STP is 567 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Scandium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Scandium.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Scandium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Scandium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Scandium

The density of Scandium element is  2.985 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Scandium element

The liquid density of Scandium atom is 2.8 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Scandium

The molar volume of Scandium is 15.06cm3/mol

### Bulk modulus of Scandium Gas

The bulk modulus of Scandium Gas is 57 GPa

### Shear modulus of Scandium atom

The shear modulus of Scandium element 29 GPa

### Young's modulus of Scandium

The young's modulus of Scandium atom 74 GPa

### Ultimate tensile strength of Scandium element

The ultimate tensile strength of Scandium gas is 255 MPa.

### Thermal expansion of Scandium

The thermal expansion of Scandium is 1.02 x 10-5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Scandium

The thermal conductivity of Scandium is 16 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Scandium.

## Electromagnetic properties of Scandium

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Scandium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Scandium

The magnetic type Scandium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Scandium element

The resistivity of Scandium element is 5.5 x 10-7 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Scandium gas

The electrical conductivity of Scandium element is 1.8 x 106 s/m

### Magnetic type of Scandium element

The magnetic type of Scandium atom is paramagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Scandium

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Scandium is 2.627 x 10 -4

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Scandium

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Scandium is 8.8 x 10-8 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Scandium

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Scandium gas is 3.956 x 10-9 m3/mol

### Color of Scandium Gas

The color of Scandium gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Scandium gas.

## Reactivity of Scandium

### Valency of Scandium

The valency of a Scandium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Scandium is 3.

### Electronegativity of Scandium

Electronegativity of Scandium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Scandium has 1.36 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Scandium

Electron affinity of Scandium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Scandium is 18.1 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Scandium

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Scandium is 633.1 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Scandium

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Scandium atom is 2 D3/2

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Scandium is 160 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Scandium is 170 pm.

## Abundances of Scandium

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Scandium in the universe

The abundance of Scandium in the universe is 3 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Scandium in the solar system

The abundance of Scandium in the solar system is 4 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Scandium in earth's crust

The abundance of Scandium in earth's crust is 0.0026 mass %

### Abundance of Scandium in ocean

The abundance of Scandium in ocean is 1.5 x 10-10 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Scandium

The universe molar abundances of Scandium is 1 x 10-7 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Scandium

The solar molar abundances of Scandium is 9.9 x 10 -8 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Scandium

The ocean molar abundances of Scandium is 2.1 x 10-11 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Scandium

The crust molar abundances of Scandium is 0.0012 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Scandium

### Half life of Scandium

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Scandium is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Scandium

The stable isotopes of Scandium are 45 Sc (100%)

### Nuclear Spin of Scandium

The nuclear spin of Scandium is 45 Sc: 7/2-

### Unstable isotopes of Scandium

The unstable isotopes of Scandium is 46 Sc (83.78 days)

### Neutron Cross Section of Scandium

The neutron cross section of Scandium is 0.025 b

## Identifiers of Scandium

### CAS Number of Scandium

The CAS number of Scandium is 7440-20-2

### PubChem CID number of Scandium

The PubChem CID number of Scandium is 23952

## Online Calculators

There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:

## Other Periodic table elements

 Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson