Nickel is the twenty-eight element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Nickel

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Nickel are:

### Atomic Symbol of Nickel

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Nickel is “Ni”

### Atomic Number of Nickel

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Nickel is 28. This shows Nickel is the twenty-eight element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Nickel

Short Electronic Configuration of Nickel is [Ar]4s2 3d 8

### Block of Nickel in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Nickel belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.

### Group of Nickel in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Nickel belongs to the tenth group.

### Period of Nickel in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Nickel is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Nickel

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Nickel is 58.6934 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Nickel , we get 59 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Nickel

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Nickel are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Nickel is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Nickel

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Nickel gas is 1455 °C.

### Boiling Point of Nickel

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Nickel gas is 2913 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Nickel

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Nickel is 17.2 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Nickel gas is 378 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Nickel at STP is 445 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Nickel . Let’s find out all the material properties of Nickel .

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Nickel gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Nickel as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Nickel

The density of Nickel element is 8.908 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Nickel element

The liquid density of Nickel atom is 7.81 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Nickel

The molar volume of Nickel is 6.589cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Nickel Atom

The mohs hardness of Nickel element is 4

### Bulk modulus of Nickel Gas

The bulk modulus of Nickel Gas is 180 GPa

### Shear modulus of Nickel atom

The shear modulus of Nickel element 76 GPa

### Young's modulus of Nickel

The young's modulus of Nickel atom 200 GPa

### Ultimate tensile strength of Nickel element

The ultimate tensile strength of Nickel gas is 317 MPa.

### Sound speed of Nickel atom

The sound speed of Nickel gas is 4970 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Nickel

The thermal expansion of Nickel is 1.34 x 10-5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Nickel

The thermal conductivity of Nickel is 91 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Nickel .

## Electromagnetic properties of Nickel

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Nickel gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Nickel

The magnetic type Nickel refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Nickel element

The resistivity of Nickel element is 7 x 10-8 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Nickel gas

The electrical conductivity of Nickel element is 1.4 x 107 s/m

### Magnetic type of Nickel element

The magnetic type of Nickel atom is ferromagnetic

### Color of Nickel Gas

The color of Nickel gas is gray.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Nickel gas.

## Reactivity of Nickel

### Valency of Nickel

The valency of a Nickel element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Nickel is 2.

### Electronegativity of Nickel

Electronegativity of Nickel is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Nickel has 1.91 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Nickel

Electron affinity of Nickel gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Nickel is 112 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Nickel

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Nickel is 737.1 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Nickel

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Nickel atom is 3F4

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Nickel is 135 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Nickel is 124 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Nickel

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Nickel is 163 pm.

## Abundances of Nickel

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Nickel in the universe

The abundance of Nickel in the universe is 0.006 mass %

### Abundance of Nickel in the solar system

The abundance of Nickel in the solar system is 0.008 mass %

### Abundance of Nickel in earth's crust

The abundance of Nickel in earth's crust is 0.0089 mass %

### Abundance of Nickel in ocean

The abundance of Nickel in ocean is 2 x 10-7 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Nickel

The universe molar abundances of Nickel is 1 x 10-4 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Nickel

The solar molar abundances of Nickel is 2 x 10 -4 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Nickel

The ocean molar abundances of Nickel is 2.1 x 10-8 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Nickel

The crust molar abundances of Nickel is 0.0032 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Nickel

The crust molar abundances of Nickel is 1.1 x 10-6 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Nickel

### Half life of Nickel

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Nickel is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Nickel

The stable isotopes of Nickel are 58 Ni (68.077%)

### Nuclear Spin of Nickel

The nuclear spin of Nickel is 58 Ni: 0+

### Unstable isotopes of Nickel

The unstable isotopes of Nickel is 59 Ni (76 000 yr)

### Neutron Cross Section of Nickel

The neutron cross section of Nickel is 4.5 b

## Identifiers of Nickel

### CAS Number of Nickel

The CAS number of Nickel is 7440-02-0

### PubChem CID number of Nickel

The PubChem CID number of Nickel is 935

## Online Calculators

There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:

## Other Periodic table elements

 Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson