Fluorine is the ninth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Fluorine
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Fluorine are:
Atomic Symbol of Fluorine
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Fluorine is “F”
Atomic Number of Fluorine
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Fluorine is 9. This shows Fluorine is the ninth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Fluorine
Short Electronic Configuration of Fluorine is [He]2s2 2p 5
Block of Fluorine in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Fluorine belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Fluorine in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Fluorine belongs to the seventeen group.
Period of Fluorine in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Fluorine is placed in the second period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Fluorine
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Fluorine is 18.998403163 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Fluorine, we get 18.99 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Fluorine
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Fluorine are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Fluorine is “Gas”.
Melting Point of Fluorine
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Fluorine gas is -219.6 °C.
Boiling Point of Fluorine
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Fluorine gas is -188.12 °C.
Critical Temperature of Fluorine
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Fluorine gas is 144.13 K.
Critical Pressure of Fluorine
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Fluorine gas is 5.172 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Fluorine
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Fluorine is 0.26 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Fluorine gas is 3.27 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Fluorine at STP is 824 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Fluorine. Let’s find out all the material properties of Fluorine.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Fluorine gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Fluorine as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Fluorine
The density of Fluorine element is 0.001696 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Fluorine
The molar volume of Fluorine is 11 2003/mol
Thermal Conductivity of Fluorine
The thermal conductivity of Fluorine is 00.277 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Fluorine.
Electromagnetic properties of Fluorine
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Fluorine gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Color of Fluorine Gas
Fluorine is a colorless gas.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Fluorine gas.
Reactivity of Fluorine
Valency of Fluorine
The valency of a Fluorine element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Fluorine is 1.
Electronegativity of Fluorine
Electronegativity of Fluorine is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Fluorine has 3.98 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Fluorine
Electron affinity of Fluorine gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Fluorine is 328 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Fluorine
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Fluorine is 1681 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Fluorine have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Fluorine
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Fluorine atom is 2P 3/2
Atomic Radius of Fluorine
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Fluorine is 50 pm.
Covalent Radius of Fluorine
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Fluorine is 57 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Fluorine
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Fluorine is 147 pm.
Abundances of Fluorine
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Fluorine in the universe
The abundance of Fluorine in the universe is 4 x 10 -5 mass %
Abundance of Fluorine in the solar system
The abundance of Fluorine in the solar system is 5 x 10 -5 mass %
Abundance of Fluorine in earth's crust
The abundance of Fluorine in earth's crust is 0.054 mass %
Abundance of Fluorine in ocean
The abundance of Fluorine in ocean is 1.3 x 10 -4 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Fluorine
The universe molar abundances of Fluorine is 3 x 10-6 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Fluorine
The solar molar abundances of Fluorine is 3 x 10 -6 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Fluorine
The ocean molar abundances of Fluorine is 4.2 x 10 -5 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Fluorine
The crust molar abundances of Fluorine is 0.059 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Fluorine
The crust molar abundances of Fluorine is 0.0012 mol %
Nuclear properties of Fluorine
Half life of Fluorine
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Fluorine is stable.
Stable isotopes of Fluorine
The stable isotopes of Fluorine are 19 F (100%)
Nuclear Spin of Fluorine
The nuclear spin of Fluorine is 19 F ½+
Unstable isotopes of Fluorine
The unstable isotopes of Fluorine is 18 F (109.771min)
Neutron Cross Section of Fluorine
The neutron cross section of Fluorine is 0.0096 b
Identifiers of Fluorine
CAS Number of Fluorine
The CAS number of Fluorine is 7782-41-4
PubChem CID number of Fluorine
The PubChem CID number of Fluorine is 24524
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
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