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# Carbon Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of carbon element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Carbon is the sixth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Carbon

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Carbon are:

### Atomic Symbol of Carbon

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Carbon is “C”

### Atomic Number of Carbon

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Carbon is 6. This shows Carbon is the sixth element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Carbon

Short Electronic Configuration of Carbon is [He]2s 2, 2p 2

### Block of Carbon in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Carbon belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.

### Group of Carbon in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Carbon belongs to the fourteen group.

### Period of Carbon in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Carbon is placed in the second period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Carbon

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Carbon is 12.011 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Carbon, we get 12.01 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Carbon

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Carbon are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Carbon is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Carbon

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Carbon gas is 3550 °C.

### Boiling Point of Carbon

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Carbon gas is 4027 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Carbon

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Carbon is 117.4 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Carbon gas is 715 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Carbon at STP is 710 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Carbon. Let’s find out all the material properties of Carbon.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Carbon gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Carbon as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Carbon

The density of Carbon fluctuates from 2.25 g/cm³ (1.30 ounces/in³) for graphite and 3.51 g/cm³ (2.03 ounces/in³) for diamond

### Molar Volume of Carbon

The molar volume of Carbon is 5.315cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Carbon Atom

The mohs hardness of Carbon element is 0.5

### Bulk modulus of Carbon Gas

The bulk modulus of Carbon Gas is 33 GPa

### Sound speed of Carbon atom

The sound speed of Carbon gas is 18350 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Carbon

The thermal expansion of Carbon is 7.1 x -6 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Carbon

The thermal conductivity of Carbon is 140 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Carbon.

## Electromagnetic properties of Carbon

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Carbon gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Carbon

The magnetic type Carbon refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Carbon element

The resistivity of Carbon element is 1 x 10-5 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Carbon gas

The electrical conductivity of Carbon element is 100 000 s/m

### Magnetic type of Carbon element

The magnetic type of Carbon atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Carbon

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Carbon is -1.4 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Carbon

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Carbon is -6.2 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Carbon

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Carbon gas is -7.45 x 10-11 m3/mol

### Color of Carbon Gas

The color of Carbon gas is black.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Carbon gas.

## Reactivity of Carbon

### Valency of Carbon

The valency of a Carbon element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Carbon is 4.

### Electronegativity of Carbon

Electronegativity of Carbon is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Carbon has 2.55 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Carbon

Electron affinity of Carbon gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Carbon is 153.9 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Carbon

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Carbon is 1086.5 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

The atomic properties of Carbon have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.

Term Symbol of Carbon

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Carbon atom is 3p 0

### Atomic Radius of Carbon

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Carbon is 70 pm.

### Covalent Radius of Carbon

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Carbon is 76 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Carbon

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Carbon is 170 pm.

## Abundances of Carbon

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Carbon in the universe

The abundance of Carbon in the universe is 0.5 mass %

### Abundance of Carbon in the solar system

The abundance of Carbon in the solar system is 0.3 mass %

### Abundance of Carbon in earth's crust

The abundance of Carbon in earth's crust is 0.18 mass %

### Abundance of Carbon in ocean

The abundance of Carbon in ocean is 0.0028 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Carbon

The universe molar abundances of Carbon is 0.05 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Carbon

The solar molar abundances of Carbon is 0.03 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Carbon

The ocean molar abundances of Carbon is 0.0014 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Carbon

The crust molar abundances of Carbon is 0.31 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Carbon

The crust molar abundances of Carbon is 12 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Carbon

### Half life of Carbon

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Carbon is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Carbon

The stable isotopes of Carbon are 12 C (98.89%) | 13 C (1.11%)

### Nuclear Spin of Carbon

The nuclear spin of Carbon is 12 C 0+ | 13 C 1/2-

### Unstable isotopes of Carbon

The unstable isotopes of Carbon is 14 C (5700 years)

### Neutron Cross Section of Carbon

The neutron cross section of Carbon is 0.0035 b

## Identifiers of Carbon

### CAS Number of Carbon

The CAS number of Carbon is 7440-44-0

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