Californium is the ninety-eight element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Californium

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Californium are:

### Atomic Symbol of Californium

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Californium is “Cf”

### Atomic Number of Californium

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Californium is 98. This shows Californium is the ninety-eight element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Californium

Short Electronic Configuration of Californium is [Rn]7s2 ,5 f10

### Block of Californium in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Californium belongs to the f-block of the periodic table. F block is the fourth block in the periodic table.

### Period of Californium in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Californium is placed in the seventh period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Californium

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Californium is 251 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Californium, we get 251 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Californium

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Californium are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Californium is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Californium

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Californium gas is 900 °C.

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Californium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Californium.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Californium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Californium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Californium

The density of Californium element is 15.1g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Californium

The molar volume of Californium is 16.6cm3/mol

These are the main material properties of Californium.

## Reactivity of Californium

### Valency of Californium

The valency of a Californium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Californium is 4.

### Electronegativity of Californium

Electronegativity of Californium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Californium has 1.3 electronegativity.

### First ionization energy of Californium

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Californium is 608 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Californium

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Californium atom is 5 I8

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Californium is 200 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Californium is 168 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Californium

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Californium is 200 pm.

## Abundances of Californium

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Californium in the universe

The abundance of Californium in the universe is 0 mass %

### Abundance of Californium in the solar system

The abundance of Californium in the solar system is 0 mass %

### Abundance of Californium in earth's crust

The abundance of Californium in earth's crust is 0 mass %

### Abundance of Californium in ocean

The abundance of Californium in ocean is 0 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Californium

The universe molar abundances of Californium is 0 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Californium

The solar molar abundances of Californium is 0 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Californium

The ocean molar abundances of Californium is 0 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Californium

The crust molar abundances of Californium is 0 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Californium

The crust molar abundances of Californium is 0 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Californium

### Half life of Californium

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Californium is 901 yr.

The lifetime of Californium is 1300 yr

The specific radioactivity of Californium is 58.52 GBq/g

### Decay Mode of Californium

The decay mode of Californium is alpha emission

### Unstable isotopes of Californium

The unstable isotopes of Californium is 251 Cf (898 yr)

### Neutron Cross Section of Californium

The neutron cross section of Californium is 2900 b

## Identifiers of Californium

### CAS Number of Californium

The CAS number of Californium is 7440-71-3

### PubChem CID number of Californium

The PubChem CID number of Californium is 23997

## Online Calculators

There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:

## Other Periodic table elements

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