Antimony is the fifty-oneth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Antimony
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Antimony are:
Atomic Symbol of Antimony
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Antimony is “Sb”
Atomic Number of Antimony
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Antimony is 51. This shows Antimony is the fifty-oneth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Antimony
Short Electronic Configuration of Antimony is [Kr]5s2 4d 10 5 p3
Block of Antimony in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Antimony belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Antimony in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Antimony belongs to the fifteenth group.
Period of Antimony in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Antimony is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Antimony
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Antimony is 121.76 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Antimony, we get 121 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Antimony
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Antimony are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Antimony is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Antimony
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Antimony gas is 630.63 °C.
Boiling Point of Antimony
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Antimony gas is 1587 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Antimony
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Antimony is 19.7 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Antimony gas is 68 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Antimony at STP is 207 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Antimony. Let’s find out all the material properties of Antimony.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Antimony gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Antimony as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Antimony
The density of Antimony element is 6.697 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Antimony element
The liquid density of Antimony atom is 6.53 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Antimony
The molar volume of Antimony is 18.18cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Antimony Atom
The mohs hardness of Antimony element is 3
Bulk modulus of Antimony Gas
The bulk modulus of Antimony Gas is 42 GPa
Shear modulus of Antimony atom
The shear modulus of Antimony element 20 GPa
Young's modulus of Antimony
The young's modulus of Antimony atom 55 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Antimony element
The ultimate tensile strength of Antimony gas is 11 MPa.
Sound speed of Antimony atom
The sound speed of Antimony gas is 3420 m/s
Thermal expansion of Antimony
The thermal expansion of Antimony is 1.1 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Antimony
The thermal conductivity of Antimony is 24W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Antimony.
Electromagnetic properties of Antimony
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Antimony gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Antimony
The magnetic type Antimony refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Antimony element
The resistivity of Antimony element is 4 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Antimony gas
The electrical conductivity of Antimony element is 2.5 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Antimony element
The magnetic type of Antimony atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Antimony
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Antimony is -7.3 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Antimony
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Antimony is -1.09 x 10-8 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Antimony
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Antimony gas is -1.327 x 10-9 m3/mol
Color of Antimony Gas
The color of Antimony gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Antimony gas.
Reactivity of Antimony
Valency of Antimony
The valency of a Antimony element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Antimony is 5.
Electronegativity of Antimony
Electronegativity of Antimony is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Antimony has 2.05 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Antimony
Electron affinity of Antimony gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Antimony is 103.2 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Antimony
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Antimony is 834 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Antimony have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Antimony
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Antimony atom is 4 S3/2
Atomic Radius of Antimony
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Antimony is 145 pm.
Covalent Radius of Antimony
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Antimony is 139 pm.
Abundances of Antimony
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Antimony in the universe
The abundance of Antimony in the universe is 4 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Antimony in the solar system
The abundance of Antimony in the solar system is 1 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Antimony in earth's crust
The abundance of Antimony in earth's crust is 2 x 10-5 mass %
Abundance of Antimony in ocean
The abundance of Antimony in ocean is 2 x 10-8 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Antimony
The universe molar abundances of Antimony is 4 x 10-10 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Antimony
The solar molar abundances of Antimony is 9.9 x 10 -10 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Antimony
The ocean molar abundances of Antimony is 1.6 x 10-9 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Antimony
The crust molar abundances of Antimony is 3 x 10-6 mol %
Nuclear properties of Antimony
Half life of Antimony
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Antimony is stable.
Stable isotopes of Antimony
The stable isotopes of Antimony are 121 Sb (57.21%) |123 Sb (42.79%)
Nuclear Spin of Antimony
The nuclear spin of Antimony is 121 Sb:5/2+ | 123 Sb: 7/2+
Unstable isotopes of Antimony
The unstable isotopes of Antimony is 125 Sb (2.7586 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Antimony
The neutron cross section of Antimony is 5.4 b
Identifiers of Antimony
CAS Number of Antimony
The CAS number of Antimony is 7440-36-0
PubChem CID number of Antimony
The PubChem CID number of Antimony is 5354495
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
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