Zirconium is the forty element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Zirconium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Zirconium are:
Atomic Symbol of Zirconium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Zirconium is “Zr”
Atomic Number of Zirconium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Zirconium is 40. This shows Zirconium is the forty element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Zirconium
Short Electronic Configuration of Zirconium is [Kr]5s2 4d 2
Block of Zirconium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Zirconium belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.
Group of Zirconium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Zirconium belongs to the fourth group.
Period of Zirconium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Zirconium is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Zirconium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Zirconium is 91.224 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Zirconium, we get 91.224 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Zirconium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Zirconium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Zirconium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Zirconium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Zirconium gas is 97.72 °C.
Boiling Point of Zirconium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Zirconium gas is 1855 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Zirconium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Zirconium is 21 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Zirconium gas is 580 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Zirconium at STP is 278 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Zirconium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Zirconium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Zirconium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Zirconium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Zirconium
The density of Zirconium element is 6.511 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Zirconium element
The liquid density of Zirconium atom is 5.8 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Zirconium
The molar volume of Zirconium is 14.01cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Zirconium Atom
The mohs hardness of Zirconium element is 5
Shear modulus of Zirconium atom
The shear modulus of Zirconium element 33 GPa
Young's modulus of Zirconium
The young's modulus of Zirconium atom 68 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Zirconium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Zirconium gas is 330 MPa.
Sound speed of Zirconium atom
The sound speed of Zirconium gas is 3800 m/s
Thermal expansion of Zirconium
The thermal expansion of Zirconium is 5.7 x 10-6 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Zirconium
The thermal conductivity of Zirconium is 23 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Zirconium.
Electromagnetic properties of Zirconium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Zirconium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Zirconium
The magnetic type Zirconium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Zirconium element
The resistivity of Zirconium element is 4.2 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Zirconium gas
The electrical conductivity of Zirconium element is 2.4 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Zirconium element
The magnetic type of Zirconium atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Zirconium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Zirconium is 1.09 x 10 -4
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Zirconium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Zirconium is 1.68 x 10-8 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Zirconium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Zirconium gas is 1.53 x 10-9 m3/mol
Color of Zirconium Gas
The color of Zirconium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Zirconium gas.
Reactivity of Zirconium
Valency of Zirconium
The valency of a Zirconium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Zirconium is 4.
Electronegativity of Zirconium
Electronegativity of Zirconium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Zirconium has 1.33 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Zirconium
Electron affinity of Zirconium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Zirconium is 41.1 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Zirconium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Zirconium is 640.1 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Zirconium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Zirconium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Zirconium atom is 3 F2
Atomic Radius of Zirconium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Zirconium is 155 pm.
Covalent Radius of Zirconium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Zirconium is 175 pm.
Abundances of Zirconium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Zirconium in the universe
The abundance of Zirconium in the universe is 5 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Zirconium in the solar system
The abundance of Zirconium in the solar system is 4 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Zirconium in earth's crust
The abundance of Zirconium in earth's crust is 0.013 mass %
Abundance of Zirconium in ocean
The abundance of Zirconium in ocean is 26 x 10-9 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Zirconium
The universe molar abundances of Zirconium is 7 x 10-8 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Zirconium
The solar molar abundances of Zirconium is 5 x 10 -8 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Zirconium
The ocean molar abundances of Zirconium is 1.8 x 10-10 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Zirconium
The crust molar abundances of Zirconium is 0.003 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Zirconium
The crust molar abundances of Zirconium is 3 x 10-7 mol %
Nuclear properties of Zirconium
Half life of Zirconium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Zirconium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Zirconium
The stable isotopes of Zirconium are 90 Zr (51.45%)
Nuclear Spin of Zirconium
The nuclear spin of Zirconium is 90 Zr: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Zirconium
The unstable isotopes of Zirconium is 96 Zr (2 x 10 19 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Zirconium
The neutron cross section of Zirconium is 0.184 b
Identifiers of Zirconium
CAS Number of Zirconium
The CAS number of Zirconium is 7440-67-7
PubChem CID number of Zirconium
The PubChem CID number of Zirconium is 23995