# Zinc Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of Zinc element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Zinc is the thirty element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Zinc

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Zinc are:

### Atomic Symbol of Zinc

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Zinc is “Zn”

### Atomic Number of Zinc

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Zinc is 30. This shows Zinc is the thirty element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Zinc

Short Electronic Configuration of Zinc is [Ar]3s2 3d 10

### Block of Zinc in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Zinc belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.

### Group of Zinc in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Zinc belongs to the twelfth group.

### Period of Zinc in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Zinc is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Zinc

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Zinc is 65.38 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Zinc, we get 65 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Zinc

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Zinc are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Zinc is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Zinc

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Zinc gas is 419.53 °C.

### Boiling Point of Zinc

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Zinc gas is 907 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Zinc

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Zinc is 7.35 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Zinc gas is 119 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Zinc at STP is 388 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Zinc. Let’s find out all the material properties of Zinc.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Zinc gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Zinc as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Zinc

The density of Zinc element is  7.14 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Zinc element

The liquid density of Zinc atom is 6.57 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Zinc

The molar volume of Zinc is 9.16cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Zinc Atom

The mohs hardness of Zinc element is 2.5

### Bulk modulus of Zinc Gas

The bulk modulus of Zinc Gas is 70 GPa

### Shear modulus of Zinc atom

The shear modulus of Zinc element 43 GPa

### Young's modulus of Zinc

The young's modulus of Zinc atom 108 GPa

### Ultimate tensile strength of Zinc element

The ultimate tensile strength of Zinc gas is 37 MPa.

### Sound speed of Zinc atom

The sound speed of Zinc gas is 3700 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Zinc

The thermal expansion of Zinc is 3.02 x10 -5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Zinc

The thermal conductivity of Zinc is 120 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Zinc.

## Electromagnetic properties of Zinc

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Zinc gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Zinc

The magnetic type Zinc refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Zinc element

The resistivity of Zinc element is 5.9 x 10-8 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Zinc gas

The electrical conductivity of Zinc element is 1.7 x 107 s/m

### Magnetic type of Zinc element

The magnetic type of Zinc atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Zinc

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Zinc is -1.58 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Zinc

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Zinc is -2.21 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Zinc

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Zinc gas is -1.45 x 10-10 m3/mol

### Color of Zinc Gas

The color of Zinc gas is slate gray.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Zinc gas.

## Reactivity of Zinc

### Valency of Zinc

The valency of a Zinc element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Zinc is 2.

### Electronegativity of Zinc

Electronegativity of Zinc is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Zinc has 1.65 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Zinc

Electron affinity of Zinc gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Zinc is 0 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Zinc

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Zinc is 906.4 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Zinc

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Zinc atom is 1S0

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Zinc is 135 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Zinc is 122 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Zinc

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Zinc is 139 pm.

## Abundances of Zinc

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Zinc in the universe

The abundance of Zinc in the universe is 3 x 10-5 mass %

### Abundance of Zinc in the solar system

The abundance of Zinc in the solar system is 2 x 10-4 mass %

### Abundance of Zinc in earth's crust

The abundance of Zinc in earth's crust is 0.0078 mass %

### Abundance of Zinc in ocean

The abundance of Zinc in ocean is 5 x 10-7 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Zinc

The universe molar abundances of Zinc is 6 x 10-7 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Zinc

The solar molar abundances of Zinc is 3 x 10 -6 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Zinc

The ocean molar abundances of Zinc is 4.7 x 10-8 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Zinc

The crust molar abundances of Zinc is 0.0025 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Zinc

The crust molar abundances of Zinc is 3.2 x 10-4 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Zinc

### Half life of Zinc

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Zinc is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Zinc

The stable isotopes of Zinc are 64 Zn (48.63%)

### Nuclear Spin of Zinc

The nuclear spin of Zinc is 64 Zn: 0+

### Unstable isotopes of Zinc

The unstable isotopes of Zinc is 64 Zn (243.66 days)

### Neutron Cross Section of Zinc

The neutron cross section of Zinc is 1.1 b

## Identifiers of Zinc

### CAS Number of Zinc

The CAS number of Zinc is 7440-66-6

### PubChem CID number of Zinc

The PubChem CID number of Zinc is 23994