# Tin Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of tin element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Tin is the fiftieth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Tin

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Tin are:

### Atomic Symbol of Tin

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Tin is “Sn”

### Atomic Number of Tin

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Tin is 50. This shows Tin is the fiftieth element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Tin

Short Electronic Configuration of Tin is [Kr]5s2 4d 10 5 p2

### Block of Tin in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Tin belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.

### Group of Tin in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Tin belongs to the fourteenth group.

### Period of Tin in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Tin is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Tin

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Tin is 118.71 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Tin, we get 118 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Tin

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Tin are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Tin is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Tin

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of white Tin gas is 231.9 °C.

### Boiling Point of Tin

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of white Tin gas is 2602 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Tin

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of white Tin is 7.148 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of white Tin gas is 296.4 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Tin at STP is 217 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Tin. Let’s find out all the material properties of Tin.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Tin gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Tin as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Tin

The density of white Tin element is  7.31 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Tin element

The liquid density of Tin atom is 6.99 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Tin

The molar volume of Tin is 16.24cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Tin Atom

The mohs hardness of Tin element is 1.5

### Bulk modulus of Tin Gas

The bulk modulus of Tin Gas is 58 GPa

### Shear modulus of Tin atom

The shear modulus of Tin element 18 GPa

### Young's modulus of Tin

The young's modulus of Tin atom 50 GPa

### Ultimate tensile strength of Tin element

The ultimate tensile strength of Tin gas is 220 MPa.

### Sound speed of Tin atom

The sound speed of Tin gas is 2500 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Tin

The thermal expansion of Tin is 2.2 x10 -5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Tin

The thermal conductivity of Tin is 67 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Tin.

## Electromagnetic properties of Tin

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Tin gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Tin

The magnetic type Tin refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Tin element

The resistivity of Tin element is 1.1 x 10-7 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Tin gas

The electrical conductivity of Tin element is 9.1 x 106 s/m

### Magnetic type of Tin element

The magnetic type of Tin atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Tin

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Tin is -2.27 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Tin

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Tin is -3.1 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Tin

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Tin gas is -3.68 x 10-10 m3/mol

### Color of Tin Gas

The color of Tin gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Tin gas.

## Reactivity of Tin

### Valency of Tin

The valency of a Tin element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Tin is 4.

### Electronegativity of Tin

Electronegativity of Tin is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Tin has 1.96 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Tin

Electron affinity of Tin gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Tin is 107.3 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Tin

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Tin is 708.6 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Tin

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Tin atom is 3P 0

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Tin is 145 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Tin is 139 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Tin

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Tin is 217 pm.

## Abundances of Tin

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Tin in the universe

The abundance of Tin in the universe is 4 x 10-7 mass %

### Abundance of Tin in the solar system

The abundance of Tin in the solar system is 9 x 10-7 mass %

### Abundance of Tin in earth's crust

The abundance of Tin in earth's crust is 2.2 x 10-4 mass %

### Abundance of Tin in ocean

The abundance of Tin in ocean is 1 x 10-9 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Tin

The universe molar abundances of Tin is 4 x 10-9 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Tin

The solar molar abundances of Tin is 9.9 x 10 -9 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Tin

The ocean molar abundances of Tin is 5.2 x 10-11 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Tin

The crust molar abundances of Tin is 3.8 x 10-5 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Tin

The crust molar abundances of Tin is 1.1 x 10-6 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Tin

### Half life of Tin

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Tin is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Tin

The stable isotopes of Tin are 120 Sn (32.58%)

### Nuclear Spin of Tin

The nuclear spin of Tin is 112 Sn: 0+

### Unstable isotopes of Tin

The unstable isotopes of Tin is 126 Sn (0.63 Myr)

### Neutron Cross Section of Tin

The neutron cross section of Tin is 0.63 b

## Identifiers of Tin

### CAS Number of Tin

The CAS number of Tin is 7440-31-5