Strontium is the thirty-eighth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Strontium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Strontium are:
Atomic Symbol of Strontium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Strontium is “Sr”
Atomic Number of Strontium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Strontium is 38. This shows Strontium is the thirty-eight element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Strontium
Short Electronic Configuration of Strontium is [Kr]5s2
Block of Strontium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Strontium belongs to the s-block of the periodic table. S block is also the first block in the periodic table.
Group of Strontium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Strontium belongs to the second group.
Period of Strontium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Strontium is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Strontium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Strontium is 87.62 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Strontium, we get 87 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Strontium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Strontium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Strontium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Strontium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Strontium gas is 777 °C.
Boiling Point of Strontium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Strontium gas is 1382 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Strontium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Strontium is 8 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Strontium gas is 137 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Strontium at STP is 300 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Strontium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Strontium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Strontium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Strontium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Strontium
The density of Strontium element is 2.63 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Strontium element
The liquid density of Strontium atom is 2.375 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Strontium
The molar volume of Strontium is 33.23cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Strontium Atom
The mohs hardness of Strontium element is 1.5
Shear modulus of Strontium atom
The shear modulus of Strontium element 6.1 GPa
Thermal expansion of Strontium
The thermal expansion of Strontium is 2.25 x -5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Strontium
The thermal conductivity of Strontium is 35 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Strontium.
Electromagnetic properties of Strontium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Strontium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Strontium
The magnetic type Strontium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Strontium element
The resistivity of Strontium element is 1.3 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Strontium gas
The electrical conductivity of Strontium element is 7.7 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Strontium element
The magnetic type of Strontium atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Strontium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Strontium is 3.47 x 10 -6
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Strontium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Strontium is 1.32 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Strontium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Strontium gas is 1.16 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Strontium Gas
The color of Strontium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Strontium gas.
Reactivity of Strontium
Valency of Strontium
The valency of a Strontium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Strontium is 2.
Electronegativity of Strontium
Electronegativity of Strontium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Strontium has 0.95 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Strontium
Electron affinity of Strontium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Strontium is 5.03 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Strontium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Strontium is 549.5 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Strontium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Strontium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Strontium atom is 1 S0
Atomic Radius of Strontium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Strontium is 200 pm.
Covalent Radius of Strontium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Strontium is 195 pm.
Abundances of Strontium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Strontium in the universe
The abundance of Strontium in the universe is 4 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Strontium in the solar system
The abundance of Strontium in the solar system is 5 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Strontium in earth's crust
The abundance of Strontium in earth's crust is 0.036 mass %
Abundance of Strontium in ocean
The abundance of Strontium in ocean is 8.1 x 10-4 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Strontium
The universe molar abundances of Strontium is 6 x 10-8 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Strontium
The solar molar abundances of Strontium is 7 x 10 -8 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Strontium
The ocean molar abundances of Strontium is 5.7 x 10-5 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Strontium
The crust molar abundances of Strontium is 0.0085 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Strontium
The crust molar abundances of Strontium is 3.3 x 10-5 mol %
Nuclear properties of Strontium
Half life of Strontium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Strontium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Strontium
The stable isotopes of Strontium are 88 Sr (82.58%)
Nuclear Spin of Strontium
The nuclear spin of Strontium is 84 Sr : 0+
Unstable isotopes of Strontium
The unstable isotopes of Strontium is 90 Sr (28.9 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Strontium
The neutron cross section of Strontium is 1.2 b
Identifiers of Strontium
CAS Number of Strontium
The CAS number of Strontium is 7440-24-6
PubChem CID number of Strontium
The PubChem CID number of Strontium is 5359327