Sodium is the eleventh element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Sodium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Sodium are:
Atomic Symbol of Sodium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Sodium is “Na”
Atomic Number of Sodium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Sodium is 11. This shows Sodium is the eleventh element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Sodium
Short Electronic Configuration of Sodium is [Ne]3s1
Block of Sodium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Sodium belongs to the s-block of the periodic table. S block is also the first block in the periodic table.
Group of Sodium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Sodium belongs to the first group.
Period of Sodium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Sodium is placed in the third period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Sodium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Sodium is 22.98976928 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Sodium, we get 22.98 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Sodium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Sodium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Sodium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Sodium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Sodium gas is 97.72 °C.
Boiling Point of Sodium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Sodium gas is 883 °C.
Critical Temperature of Sodium
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Sodium gas is 2573 K.
Critical Pressure of Sodium
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Sodium gas is 35 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Sodium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Sodium is 2.6 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Sodium gas is 97.7 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Sodium at STP is 1230 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Sodium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Sodium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Sodium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Sodium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Sodium
The density of Sodium element is 0.968 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Sodium element
The liquid density of Sodium atom is 0.927 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Sodium
The molar volume of Sodium is 23.73/mol
Mohs hardness of Sodium Atom
The mohs hardness of Sodium element is 0.5
Bulk modulus of Sodium Gas
The bulk modulus of Sodium Gas is 6.3 GPa
Shear modulus of Sodium atom
The shear modulus of Sodium element 3.3 GPa
Young's modulus of Sodium
The young's modulus of Sodium atom 10 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Sodium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Sodium gas is 10 MPa.
Sound speed of Sodium atom
The sound speed of Sodium gas is 3200 m/s
Thermal expansion of Sodium
The thermal expansion of Sodium is 7.1 x -5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Sodium
The thermal conductivity of Sodium is 140 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Sodium.
Electromagnetic properties of Sodium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Sodium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Sodium
The magnetic type Sodium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Sodium element
The resistivity of Sodium element is 4.7 x 10-8 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Sodium gas
The electrical conductivity of Sodium element is 2.1 x 107 s/m
Magnetic type of Sodium element
The magnetic type of Sodium atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Sodium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Sodium is 8.5 x 10 -6
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Sodium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Sodium is 8.8 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Sodium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Sodium gas is 2 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Sodium Gas
The color of Sodium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Sodium gas.
Reactivity of Sodium
Valency of Sodium
The valency of a Sodium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Sodium is 1.
Electronegativity of Sodium
Electronegativity of Sodium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Sodium has 0.93 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Sodium
Electron affinity of Sodium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Sodium is 52.8 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Sodium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Sodium is 495.8 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Sodium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Sodium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Sodium atom is 2 S1/2
Atomic Radius of Sodium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Sodium is 180 pm.
Covalent Radius of Sodium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Sodium is 166 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Sodium
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Sodium is 227 pm.
Abundances of Sodium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Sodium in the universe
The abundance of Sodium in the universe is 0.002 mass %
Abundance of Sodium in the solar system
The abundance of Sodium in the solar system is 0.004 mass %
Abundance of Sodium in earth's crust
The abundance of Sodium in earth's crust is 0.55 mass %
Abundance of Sodium in ocean
The abundance of Sodium in ocean is 1.1 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Sodium
The universe molar abundances of Sodium is 1 x 10-4 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Sodium
The solar molar abundances of Sodium is 2 x 10 -4 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Sodium
The ocean molar abundances of Sodium is 0.3 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Sodium
The crust molar abundances of Sodium is 2.1 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Sodium
The crust molar abundances of Sodium is 0.038 mol %
Nuclear properties of Sodium
Half life of Sodium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Sodium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Sodium
The stable isotopes of Sodium are 23 Na (100%)
Nuclear Spin of Sodium
The nuclear spin of Sodium is 23 Na 3/2+
Unstable isotopes of Sodium
The unstable isotopes of Sodium is 22 Na (2.6027yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Sodium
The neutron cross section of Sodium is 0.53 b
Identifiers of Sodium
CAS Number of Sodium
The CAS number of Sodium is 7440-23-5
PubChem CID number of Sodium
The PubChem CID number of Sodium is 5360545