Potassium is the nineteenth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Potassium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Potassium are:
Atomic Symbol of Potassium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Potassium is “K”
Atomic Number of Potassium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Potassium is 19. This shows Potassium is the nineteenth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Potassium
Short Electronic Configuration of Potassium is [Ar]4s1
Block of Potassium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Potassium belongs to the s-block of the periodic table. S block is also the first block in the periodic table.
Group of Potassium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Potassium belongs to the first group.
Period of Potassium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Potassium is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Potassium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Potassium is 39.0983 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Potassium, we get 39.1 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Potassium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Potassium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Potassium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Potassium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Potassium gas is 63.38 °C.
Boiling Point of Potassium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Potassium gas is 759 °C.
Critical Temperature of Potassium
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Potassium gas is 2223 K.
Critical Pressure of Potassium
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Potassium gas is 16 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Potassium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Potassium is 2.33 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Potassium gas is 76.9 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Potassium at STP is 757 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Potassium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Potassium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Potassium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Potassium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Potassium
The density of Potassium element is 0.856 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Potassium element
The liquid density of Potassium atom is 0.828 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Potassium
The molar volume of Potassium is 45.7cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Potassium Atom
The mohs hardness of Potassium element is 0.4
Bulk modulus of Potassium Gas
The bulk modulus of Potassium Gas is 3.1 GPa
Shear modulus of Potassium atom
The shear modulus of Potassium element 1.3 GPa
Sound speed of Potassium atom
The sound speed of Potassium gas is 2000 m/s
Thermal Conductivity of Potassium
The thermal conductivity of Potassium is 100 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Potassium.
Electromagnetic properties of Potassium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Potassium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Potassium
The magnetic type Potassium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Potassium element
The resistivity of Potassium element is 7 x 10-8 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Potassium gas
The electrical conductivity of Potassium element is 1.4 x 107 s/m
Magnetic type of Potassium element
The magnetic type of Potassium atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Potassium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Potassium is 5.74 x 10 -6
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Potassium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Potassium is 6.7 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Potassium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Potassium gas is 2.62 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Potassium Gas
The color of Potassium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Potassium gas.
Reactivity of Potassium
Valency of Potassium
The valency of a Potassium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Potassium is 1.
Electronegativity of Potassium
Electronegativity of Potassium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Potassium has 0.82 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Potassium
Electron affinity of Potassium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Potassium is 48.4 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Potassium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Potassium is 418.8 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Potassium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Potassium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Potassium atom is 2 S1/2
Atomic Radius of Potassium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Potassium is 220 pm.
Covalent Radius of Potassium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Potassium is 203 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Potassium
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Potassium is 275 pm.
Abundances of Potassium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Potassium in the universe
The abundance of Potassium in the universe is 3 x 10-4 mass %
Abundance of Potassium in the solar system
The abundance of Potassium in the solar system is 4 x 10-4 mass %
Abundance of Potassium in earth's crust
The abundance of Potassium in earth's crust is 1.5 mass %
Abundance of Potassium in ocean
The abundance of Potassium in ocean is 0.042 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Potassium
The universe molar abundances of Potassium is 1 x 10-5 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Potassium
The solar molar abundances of Potassium is 9.9 x 10 -6 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Potassium
The ocean molar abundances of Potassium is 0.0066 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Potassium
The crust molar abundances of Potassium is 0.78 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Potassium
The crust molar abundances of Potassium is 0.032 mol %
Nuclear properties of Potassium
Half life of Potassium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Potassium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Potassium
The stable isotopes of Potassium are 39 K (93.2581%)꘡41 K (6.7302%)
Nuclear Spin of Potassium
The nuclear spin of Potassium is39 K: 3/2+ ꘡41 K: 3/2+
Unstable isotopes of Potassium
The unstable isotopes of Potassium is 40 K (1.248 Gyr)
Neutron Cross Section of Potassium
The neutron cross section of Potassium is 2.1 b
Identifiers of Potassium
CAS Number of Potassium
The CAS number of Potassium is 7440-09-7
PubChem CID number of Potassium
The PubChem CID number of Potassium is 5462222