Polonium is the eighty-fourth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Polonium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Polonium are:
Atomic Symbol of Polonium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Polonium is “Po”
Atomic Number of Polonium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Polonium is 84. This shows Polonium is the eighty-fourth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Polonium
Short Electronic Configuration of Polonium is [Xe]6s2 ,4 f14 , 5d 10, 6 p4
Block of Polonium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Polonium belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Polonium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Polonium belongs to the sixteenth group.
Period of Polonium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Polonium is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Polonium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Polonium is 209 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Polonium, we get 209 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Polonium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Polonium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Polonium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Polonium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Polonium gas is 254 °C.
Boiling Point of Polonium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Polonium gas is 962 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Polonium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Polonium is 13 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Polonium gas is 100 kJ/mol.
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Polonium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Polonium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Polonium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Polonium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Polonium
The density of Polonium element is 9.196 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Polonium
The molar volume of Polonium is 22.7cm3/mol
These are the main material properties of Polonium.
Electromagnetic properties of Polonium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Polonium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Polonium
The magnetic type Polonium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Polonium element
The resistivity of Polonium element is 4.3 x 10-7 Ω
Color of Polonium Gas
The color of Polonium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Polonium gas.
Reactivity of Polonium
Valency of Polonium
The valency of a Polonium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Polonium is 6.
Electronegativity of Polonium
Electronegativity of Polonium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Polonium has 2 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Polonium
Electron affinity of Polonium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Polonium is 183.3 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Polonium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Polonium is 812.1 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Polonium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Polonium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Polonium atom is 3 P2
Atomic Radius of Polonium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Polonium is 190 pm.
Covalent Radius of Polonium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Polonium is 140 pm.
Abundances of Polonium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Polonium in human
The abundance of Polonium in human is 0 mass %
Abundance of Polonium in ocean
The abundance of Polonium in ocean is 2 x 10-18 mass %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Polonium
The ocean molar abundances of Polonium is 6 x 10-6 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Polonium
The crust molar abundances of Polonium is 0 mol %
Nuclear properties of Polonium
Half life of Polonium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Polonium is 102 yr.
Lifetime of Polonium
The stable isotopes of Polonium are 147 yr
Decay Mode of Polonium
The decay mode of Polonium is alpha emission
Unstable isotopes of Polonium
The unstable isotopes of Polonium is 209 Po (102 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Polonium
The neutron cross section of Polonium is 0.5 b
Identifiers of Polonium
CAS Number of Polonium
The CAS number of Polonium is 7440-08-6
PubChem CID number of Polonium
The PubChem CID number of Polonium is 23941
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
- Chemical Equation Balancer
- Oxidation Number Calculator
- Redox Reaction Calculator
- Percent Composition Calculator
- Percent Yield Calculator
- Theoretical Yield Calculator
- Molecular Weight Calculator
- Titration Calculator
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