Platinum is the seventy-eight element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Platinum
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Platinum are:
Atomic Symbol of Platinum
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Platinum is “Pt”
Atomic Number of Platinum
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Platinum is 78. This shows Platinum is the seventy-eight element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Platinum
Short Electronic Configuration of Platinum is [Xe]6s1 4 f14 5d 9
Block of Platinum in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Platinum belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.
Group of Platinum in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Platinum belongs to the tenth group.
Period of Platinum in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Platinum is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Platinum
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Platinum is 195.084 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Platinum, we get 195 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Platinum
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Platinum are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Platinum is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Platinum
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Platinum gas is 1768.3 °C.
Boiling Point of Platinum
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Platinum gas is 3825 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Platinum
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Platinum is 20 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Platinum gas is 490 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Platinum at STP is 133 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Platinum. Let’s find out all the material properties of Platinum.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Platinum gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Platinum as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Platinum
The density of Platinum element is 21.45 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Platinum element
The liquid density of Platinum atom is 19.77 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Platinum
The molar volume of Platinum is 9.095cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Platinum Atom
The mohs hardness of Platinum element is 3.5
Bulk modulus of Platinum Gas
The bulk modulus of Platinum Gas is 230 GPa
Shear modulus of Platinum atom
The shear modulus of Platinum element 61 GPa
Young's modulus of Platinum
The young's modulus of Platinum atom 168 GPa
Sound speed of Platinum atom
The sound speed of Platinum gas is 2680 m/s
Thermal expansion of Platinum
The thermal expansion of Platinum is 8.8 x 10-6 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Platinum
The thermal conductivity of Platinum is 72 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Platinum.
Electromagnetic properties of Platinum
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Platinum gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Platinum
The magnetic type Platinum refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Platinum element
The resistivity of Platinum element is 1.1 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Platinum gas
The electrical conductivity of Platinum element is 9.4 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Platinum element
The magnetic type of Platinum atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Platinum
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Platinum is 2.573 x 10 -4
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Platinum
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Platinum is 1.22 x 10-8 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Platinum
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Platinum gas is 2.38 x 10-9 m3/mol
Color of Platinum Gas
The color of Platinum gas is gray.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Platinum gas.
Reactivity of Platinum
Valency of Platinum
The valency of a Platinum element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Platinum is 6.
Electronegativity of Platinum
Electronegativity of Platinum is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Platinum has 2.28 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Platinum
Electron affinity of Platinum gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Platinum is 205.3 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Platinum
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Platinum is 870 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Platinum have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Platinum
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Platinum atom is 3 D3
Atomic Radius of Platinum
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Platinum is 135 pm.
Covalent Radius of Platinum
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Platinum is 136 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Platinum
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Platinum is 175 pm.
Abundances of Platinum
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Platinum in the universe
The abundance of Platinum in the universe is 5 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Platinum in the solar system
The abundance of Platinum in the solar system is 9 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Platinum in earth's crust
The abundance of Platinum in earth's crust is 3.7 x 10-6 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Platinum
The universe molar abundances of Platinum is 3 x 10-9 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Platinum
The solar molar abundances of Platinum is 6 x 10 -9 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Platinum
The crust molar abundances of Platinum is 4 x 10-7 mol %
Nuclear properties of Platinum
Half life of Platinum
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Platinum is stable.
Stable isotopes of Platinum
The stable isotopes of Platinum are 195 Pt (33.832%)
Nuclear Spin of Platinum
The nuclear spin of Platinum is 192 Pt: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Platinum
The unstable isotopes of Platinum is 192 Pt (650 billion yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Platinum
The neutron cross section of Platinum is 10 b
Identifiers of Platinum
CAS Number of Platinum
The CAS number of Platinum is 7440-06-4
PubChem CID number of Platinum
The PubChem CID number of Platinum is 23939