Oxygen is the eighth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Oxygen
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Oxygen are:
Atomic Symbol of Oxygen
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Oxygen is “O”
Atomic Number of Oxygen
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Oxygen is 8. This shows Oxygen is the eighth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Oxygen
Short Electronic Configuration of Oxygen is [He]2s 2 2p 4
Block of Oxygen in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Oxygen belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Oxygen in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Oxygen belongs to the sixteen group.
Period of Oxygen in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Oxygen is placed in the second period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Oxygen
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Oxygen is 15.999 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Oxygen, we get 16 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Oxygen
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Oxygen are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Oxygen is “Gas”.
Melting Point of Oxygen
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Oxygen gas is -218.3 °C.
Boiling Point of Oxygen
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Oxygen gas is -182.9 °C.
Critical Temperature of Oxygen
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Oxygen gas is 154.59 K.
Critical Pressure of Oxygen
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Oxygen gas is 5.043 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Oxygen
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Oxygen is 0.222 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Oxygen gas is 3.41 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Oxygen at STP is 919 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Oxygen. Let’s find out all the material properties of Oxygen.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Oxygen gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Oxygen as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Oxygen
The density of Oxygen element is 0.001429 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Oxygen
The molar volume of Oxygen is 112003/mol
Sound speed of Oxygen atom
The sound speed of Oxygen gas is 317.5 m/s
Thermal Conductivity of Oxygen
The thermal conductivity of Oxygen is 0.02658 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Oxygen.
Electromagnetic properties of Oxygen
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Oxygen gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Magnetic type of Oxygen element
The magnetic type of Oxygen atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Oxygen
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Oxygen is 1.90772 x 10 -6
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Oxygen
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Oxygen is 1.335 x 10-6 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Oxygen
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Oxygen gas is 4.27184 x 10-8 m3/mol
Color of Oxygen Gas
Oxygen is a colorless gas.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Oxygen gas.
Reactivity of Oxygen
Valency of Oxygen
The valency of a Oxygen element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Oxygen is 2.
Electronegativity of Oxygen
Electronegativity of Oxygen is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Oxygen has 3.44 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Oxygen
Electron affinity of Oxygen gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Oxygen is 141 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Oxygen
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Oxygen is 1313.9 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Oxygen have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Oxygen
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Oxygen atom is 3 p 2
Atomic Radius of Oxygen
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Oxygen is 60 pm.
Covalent Radius of Oxygen
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Oxygen is 66 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Oxygen
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Oxygen is 152 pm.
Abundances of Oxygen
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Oxygen in the universe
The abundance of Oxygen in the universe is 1 mass %
Abundance of Oxygen in the solar system
The abundance of Oxygen in the solar system is 0.9 mass %
Abundance of Oxygen in earth's crust
The abundance of Oxygen in earth's crust is 46 mass %
Abundance of Oxygen in ocean
The abundance of Oxygen in ocean is 86 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Oxygen
The universe molar abundances of Oxygen is 0.08 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Oxygen
The solar molar abundances of Oxygen is 0.07 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Oxygen
The ocean molar abundances of Oxygen is 33 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Oxygen
The crust molar abundances of Oxygen is 60 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Oxygen
The crust molar abundances of Oxygen is 24 mol %
Nuclear properties of Oxygen
Half life of Oxygen
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Oxygen is stable.
Stable isotopes of Oxygen
The stable isotopes of Oxygen are 16 O (99.762%)
Nuclear Spin of Oxygen
The nuclear spin of Oxygen is 16 O : 0+
Unstable isotopes of Oxygen
The unstable isotopes of Oxygen is 15 O (122.24s)
Neutron Cross Section of Oxygen
The neutron cross section of Oxygen is 2.8 x 10-4 b
Identifiers of Oxygen
CAS Number of Oxygen
The CAS number of Oxygen is 7782-44-7
PubChem CID number of Oxygen
The PubChem CID number of Oxygen is 977