# Nitrogen Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of nitrogen element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Nitrogen is the seventh element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Nitrogen

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Nitrogen are:

### Atomic Symbol of Nitrogen

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Nitrogen is “N”

### Atomic Number of Nitrogen

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Nitrogen is 7. This shows Nitrogen is the  seventh element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Nitrogen

Short Electronic Configuration of Nitrogen is [He]2s 2, 2p 3

### Block of Nitrogen in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Nitrogen belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.

### Group of Nitrogen in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Nitrogen belongs to the fifteen group.

### Period of Nitrogen in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Nitrogen is placed in the second period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Nitrogen

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Nitrogen is 14.007 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Nitrogen, we get 14.01 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Nitrogen

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Nitrogen are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Nitrogen is “Gas”.

### Melting Point of Nitrogen

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Nitrogen gas is -210.1 °C.

### Boiling Point of Nitrogen

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Nitrogen gas is -195.79 °C.

### Critical Temperature of Nitrogen

A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Nitrogen gas is 126.21 K.

### Critical Pressure of Nitrogen

The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Nitrogen gas is 3.39 MPa.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Nitrogen

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Nitrogen is 0.36 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Nitrogen gas is 2.79 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Nitrogen at STP is 1040 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Nitrogen. Let’s find out all the material properties of Nitrogen.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Nitrogen gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Nitrogen as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Nitrogen

The density of Nitrogen element is 0.001251 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Nitrogen

The molar volume of Nitrogen is 11 200cm3/mol

### Sound speed of Nitrogen atom

The sound speed of Nitrogen gas is 333.6 m/s

### Thermal Conductivity of Nitrogen

The thermal conductivity of Nitrogen is 0.02583 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Nitrogen.

## Electromagnetic properties of Nitrogen

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Nitrogen gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Magnetic type of Nitrogen element

The magnetic type of Nitrogen atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Nitrogen

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Nitrogen is -6.8 x 10 -9

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Nitrogen

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Nitrogen is -5.4 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Nitrogen

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Nitrogen gas is -1.5 x 10-10 m3/mol

### Color of Nitrogen Gas

Nitrogen is a colorless gas.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Nitrogen gas.

## Reactivity of Nitrogen

### Valency of Nitrogen

The valency of a Nitrogen element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Nitrogen is 3.

### Electronegativity of Nitrogen

Electronegativity of Nitrogen is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Nitrogen has 3.04 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Nitrogen

Electron affinity of Nitrogen gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Nitrogen is 7 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Nitrogen

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Nitrogen is 1402.3 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Nitrogen

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Nitrogen atom is 4 s 3/2

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Nitrogen is 65 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Nitrogen is 71 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Nitrogen

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Nitrogen is 155 pm.

## Abundances of Nitrogen

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Nitrogen in the universe

The abundance of Nitrogen in the universe is 0.1 mass %

### Abundance of Nitrogen in the solar system

The abundance of Nitrogen in the solar system is 0.1 mass %

### Abundance of Nitrogen in earth's crust

The abundance of Nitrogen in earth's crust is 0.002 mass %

### Abundance of Nitrogen in ocean

The abundance of Nitrogen in ocean is 5 x10 -5 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Nitrogen

The universe molar abundances of Nitrogen is 0.009 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Nitrogen

The solar molar abundances of Nitrogen is 0.009 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Nitrogen

The ocean molar abundances of Nitrogen is 2.2 x 10-5 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Nitrogen

The crust molar abundances of Nitrogen is 0.0029 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Nitrogen

The crust molar abundances of Nitrogen is 1.2 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Nitrogen

### Half life of Nitrogen

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Nitrogen is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Nitrogen

The stable isotopes of Nitrogen are 14 N (99.634%) | 15 N (0.366%)

### Nuclear Spin of Nitrogen

The nuclear spin of Nitrogen is 14 N 1+ | 15 N 1/2-

### Unstable isotopes of Nitrogen

The unstable isotopes of Nitrogen is 13 N (9.965min)

### Neutron Cross Section of Nitrogen

The neutron cross section of Nitrogen is 1.91 b

## Identifiers of Nitrogen

### CAS Number of Nitrogen

The CAS number of Nitrogen is 7727-37-9

### PubChem CID number of Lithium

The PubChem CID number of Lithium is 947