Neon is the tenth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Neon
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Neon are:
Atomic Symbol of Neon
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Neon is “Ne”
Atomic Number of Neon
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Neon is 10. This shows Neon is the tenth element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Neon
Short Electronic Configuration of Neon is [He]2s22p 6
Block of Neon in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Neon belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is also the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Neon in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Neon belongs to the eighteenth group.
Period of Neon in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Neon is placed in the second period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Neon
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Neon is 20.1797 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Neon, we get 20.2 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Neon
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Neon are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Neon is “Gas”.
Melting Point of Neon
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Neon gas is -248.59 °C.
Boiling Point of Neon
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Neon gas is -246.08 °C.
Critical Temperature of Neon
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Neon gas is 44.4k K.
Critical Pressure of Neon
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Neon gas is 2.76 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Neon
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Neon is 0.34 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Neon gas is 1.75 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Neon at STP is 1030 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Neon. Let’s find out all the material properties of Neon.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Neon gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Neon as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Neon
The density of Neon element is 9 x 10-4 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Neon
The molar volume of Neon is 224003/mol
Sound speed of Neon atom
The sound speed of Neon gas is 936 m/s
Thermal Conductivity of Neon
The thermal conductivity of Neon is 0.0491 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Neon.
Electromagnetic properties of Neon
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Neon gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Magnetic type of Neon element
The magnetic type of Neon atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Neon
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Neon is -3.69 x 10 -9
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Neon
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Neon is -4.1 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Neon
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Neon gas is 8.27 x 10-11 m3/mol
Color of Neon Gas
Neon is a colorless gas.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Neon gas.
Reactivity of Neon
Valency of Neon
The valency of a Neon element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Neon is 0.
Electron affinity of Neon
Electron affinity of Neon gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Neon is 0 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Neon
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Neon is 2080.7 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Neon have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Neon
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Neon atom is
Atomic Radius of Neon
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Neon is 38 pm.
Covalent Radius of Neon
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Neon is 58 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Neon
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Neon is 154 pm.
Abundances of Neon
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Neon in the universe
The abundance of Neon in the universe is 0.13 mass %
Abundance of Neon in the solar system
The abundance of Neon in the solar system is 0.1 mass %
Abundance of Neon in earth's crust
The abundance of Neon in earth's crust is 3 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Neon in ocean
The abundance of Neon in ocean is 1.2 x 10 -8 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Neon
The universe molar abundances of Neon is 0.008 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Neon
The solar molar abundances of Neon is0.007 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Neon
The ocean molar abundances of Neon is 3.7 x 10 -9 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Neon
The crust molar abundances of Neon is 3 x 10-7 mol %
Nuclear properties of Neon
Half life of Neon
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The Half Life of Neon is stable.
Stable isotopes of Neon
The stable isotopes of Neon are 20 Ne (90.48%)
Nuclear Spin of Neon
The nuclear spin of Neon is 20 Ne: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Neon
The unstable isotopes of Neon is 24 Ne (203s)
Neutron Cross Section of Neon
The neutron cross section of Neon is 0.04 b
Identifiers of Neon
CAS Number of Neon
The CAS number of Neon is 7440-01-9
PubChem CID number of Neon
The PubChem CID number of Neon is 23935