# Lithium Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of lithium element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Lithium is the third element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Lithium

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Lithium are:

### Atomic Symbol of Lithium

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Lithium is “Li”

### Atomic Number of Lithium

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Lithium is 3. This shows Lithium is the third element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Lithium

Short Electronic Configuration of Lithium is [He]2s1

### Block of Lithium in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Lithium belongs to the s-block of the periodic table. S block is also the first block in the periodic table.

### Group of Lithium in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Lithium belongs to the first group.

### Period of Lithium in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Lithium is placed in the second period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Lithium

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Lithium is 6.94 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Lithium, we get 6.9 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Lithium

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Lithium are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Lithium is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Lithium

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Lithium gas is 180.54 °C.

### Boiling Point of Lithium

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Lithium gas is 1342 °C.

### Critical Temperature of Lithium

A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Lithium gas is 3223 K.

### Critical Pressure of Lithium

The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Lithium gas is 67 MPa.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Lithium

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Lithium is 3 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Lithium gas is 147 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Lithium at STP is 3570 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Lithium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Lithium.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Lithium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Lithium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Lithium

The density of Lithium element is 0.535 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Lithium element

The liquid density of helium atom is 0.512 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Lithium

The molar volume of Lithium is 133/mol

### Mohs hardness of Lithium Atom

The mohs hardness of lithium element is 0.6

### Bulk modulus of Lithium Gas

The bulk modulus of Lithium Gas is 11 GPa

### Shear modulus of Lithium atom

The shear modulus of Lithium element 4.2 GPa

### Young's modulus of Lithium

The young's modulus of Lithium atom 4.9 GPa

### Ultimate tensile strength of Lithium element

The ultimate tensile strength of Lithium gas is 15 MPa.

### Sound speed of Lithium atom

The sound speed of lithium gas is 6000 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Lithium

The thermal expansion of Lithium is 4.6 x -5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Lithium

The thermal conductivity of Lithium is 85 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Lithium.

## Electromagnetic properties of Lithium

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Lithium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Magnetic type of Lithium

The magnetic type Lithium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Lithium element

The resistivity of Lithium element is 9.4 x 10-8 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Lithium gas

The electrical conductivity of Lithium element is 1.1 x 107 s/m

### Magnetic type of Lithium element

The magnetic type of lithium atom is paramagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Lithium

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Lithium is 1.37 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Lithium

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Lithium is 2.56 x 10-8 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Lithium

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Lithium gas is 1.78 x 10-10 m3/mol

### Color of Lithium Gas

The color of Lithium gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Lithium gas.

## Reactivity of Lithium

### Valency of Lithium

The valency of a Lithium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Lithium is 1.

### Electronegativity of Lithium

Electronegativity of Lithium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Lithium has 0.98 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Lithium

Electron affinity of Lithium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Lithium is 59.6 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Lithium

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Lithium is 520.2 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Lithium

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Lithium atom is 2 S1/2

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Lithium is 145 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Lithium is 128 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Lithium

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Lithium is 182 pm.

## Abundances of Lithium

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Lithium in the universe

The abundance of Lithium in the universe is 6 x 10 -7 mass %

### Abundance of Lithium in the solar system

The abundance of Lithium in the solar system is 6 x 10 -9 mass %

### Abundance of Lithium in earth's crust

The abundance of Lithium in earth's crust is 0.0017 mass %

### Abundance of Lithium in ocean

The abundance of Lithium in ocean is 1.8 x 10 -5 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Lithium

The universe molar abundances of Lithium is 1 x 10-7 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Lithium

The solar molar abundances of Lithium is 9.9 x 10 -10 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Lithium

The ocean molar abundances of Lithium is 1.6 x 10 -5 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Lithium

The crust molar abundances of Lithium is 0.005 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Lithium

The crust molar abundances of Lithium is 2.7 x 10 -6 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Lithium

### Half life of Lithium

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Lithium is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Lithium

The stable isotopes of Lithium are 7 Li (92.41%) | 6 Li (7.59%)

### Nuclear Spin of Lithium

The nuclear spin of Lithium is 6 Li 1+ | 7 Li 3/2-

### Unstable isotopes of Lithium

The unstable isotopes of Lithium is 8 Li (839.9 ms)

### Neutron Cross Section of Lithium

The neutron cross section of Lithium is 71 b

## Identifiers of Lithium

### CAS Number of Lithium

The CAS number of Lithium is 7439-93-2

### PubChem CID number of Lithium

The PubChem CID number of Lithium is 3028194