Lead is the eighty-two element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Lead
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Lead are:
Atomic Symbol of Lead
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Lead is “Pb”
Atomic Number of Lead
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Lead is 82. This shows Lead is the eighty-two element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Lead
Short Electronic Configuration of Lead is [Xe]6s2 ,4 f14 , 5d 10, 6 p2
Block of Lead in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Lead belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Lead in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Lead belongs to the fourteenth group.
Period of Lead in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Lead is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Lead
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Lead is 207.2 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Lead, we get 21 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Lead
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Lead are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Lead is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Lead
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Lead gas is 327.46 °C.
Boiling Point of Lead
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Lead gas is 1749 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Lead
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Lead is 4.77 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Lead gas is 178 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Lead at STP is 127 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Lead. Let’s find out all the material properties of Lead.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Lead gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Lead as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Lead
The density of Lead element is 11.34 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Lead element
The liquid density of Lead atom is 10.66 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Lead
The molar volume of Lead is 18.27cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Lead Atom
The mohs hardness of Lead element is 1.5
Bulk modulus of Lead Gas
The bulk modulus of Lead Gas is 46 GPa
Shear modulus of Lead atom
The shear modulus of Lead element 5.6 GPa
Young's modulus of Lead
The young's modulus of Lead atom 16 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Lead element
The ultimate tensile strength of Lead gas is 18 MPa.
Sound speed of Lead atom
The sound speed of Lead gas is 1260 m/s
Thermal expansion of Lead
The thermal expansion of Lead is 2.89 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Lead
The thermal conductivity of Lead is 35 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Lead.
Electromagnetic properties of Lead
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Lead gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Lead
The magnetic type Lead refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Lead element
The resistivity of Lead element is 2.1 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Lead gas
The electrical conductivity of Lead element is 4.8 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Lead element
The magnetic type of Lead atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Lead
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Lead is -1.7 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Lead
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Lead is -1.5 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Lead
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Lead gas is -3.11 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Lead Gas
The color of Lead gas is slate gray.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Lead gas.
Reactivity of Lead
Valency of Lead
The valency of a Lead element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Lead is 4.
Electronegativity of Lead
Electronegativity of Lead is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Lead has 2.33 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Lead
Electron affinity of Lead gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Lead is 35.1 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Lead
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Lead is 715.6 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Lead have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Lead
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Lead atom is 3 P0
Atomic Radius of Lead
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Lead is 180 pm.
Covalent Radius of Lead
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Lead is 146 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Lead
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Lead is 202 pm.
Abundances of Lead
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Lead in the universe
The abundance of Lead in the universe is 1 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Lead in the solar system
The abundance of Lead in the solar system is 1 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Lead in earth's crust
The abundance of Lead in earth's crust is 9.9 x 10-4 mass %
Abundance of Lead in ocean
The abundance of Lead in ocean is 3 x 10-9 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Lead
The universe molar abundances of Lead is 6 x 10-9 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Lead
The solar molar abundances of Lead is 7 x 10 -9 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Lead
The ocean molar abundances of Lead is 9 x 10-11 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Lead
The crust molar abundances of Lead is 9.9 x 10-5 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Lead
The crust molar abundances of Lead is 5 x 10-6 mol %
Nuclear properties of Lead
Half life of Lead
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Lead is stable.
Stable isotopes of Lead
The stable isotopes of Lead are 208 Pb (52.4%)
Nuclear Spin of Lead
The nuclear spin of Lead is 204Pb: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Lead
The unstable isotopes of Lead is 205 Pb (17.3 Myr)
Neutron Cross Section of Lead
The neutron cross section of Lead is 0.171 b
Identifiers of Lead
CAS Number of Lead
The CAS number of Lead is 7439-92-1
PubChem CID number of Lead
The PubChem CID number of Lead is 5352425
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
- Chemical Equation Balancer
- Oxidation Number Calculator
- Redox Reaction Calculator
- Percent Composition Calculator
- Percent Yield Calculator
- Theoretical Yield Calculator
- Molecular Weight Calculator
- Titration Calculator
- Atomic Mass Calculator