Krypton is the thirty-six element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Krypton
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Krypton are:
Atomic Symbol of Krypton
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Krypton is “Kr”
Atomic Number of Krypton
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Krypton is 36. This shows Krypton is the thirty-six element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Krypton
Short Electronic Configuration of Krypton is [Ar]4s2 3d 10 4 p6
Block of Krypton in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Krypton belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Krypton in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Krypton belongs to the eighteenth group.
Period of Krypton in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Krypton is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Krypton
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Krypton is 83.789 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Krypton, we get 83 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Krypton
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Krypton are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Krypton is “Gas”.
Melting Point of Krypton
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Krypton gas is -157.36 °C.
Boiling Point of Krypton
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Krypton gas is -153.22 °C.
Critical Temperature of Krypton
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Krypton gas is 209.41 K.
Critical Pressure of Krypton
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Krypton gas is 5.5 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Krypton
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Krypton is 1.64 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Krypton gas is 9.02 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Krypton at STP is 248.05 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Krypton. Let’s find out all the material properties of Krypton.
Electromagnetic properties of Krypton
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Krypton gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Magnetic type of Krypton element
The magnetic type of Krypton atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Krypton
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Krypton is -1.65 x 10 -8
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Krypton
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Krypton is -4.4 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Krypton
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Krypton gas is -3.69 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Krypton Gas
Krypton is a colorless gas.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Krypton gas.
Reactivity of Krypton
Valency of Krypton
The valency of a Krypton element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Krypton is 2.
Electronegativity of Krypton
Electronegativity of Krypton is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Krypton has 3 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Krypton
Electron affinity of Krypton gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Krypton is 0 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Krypton
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Krypton is 1350.8 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Krypton have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Krypton
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Krypton atom is 1 S0
Atomic Radius of Krypton
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Krypton is 88 pm.
Covalent Radius of Krypton
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Krypton is 116 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Krypton
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Krypton is 202 pm.
Abundances of Krypton
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Krypton in the universe
The abundance of Krypton in the universe is 4 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Krypton in earth's crust
The abundance of Krypton in earth's crust is 1.5 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Krypton in ocean
The abundance of Krypton in ocean is 2.1 x10-8 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Krypton
The universe molar abundances of Krypton is 6 x 10-8 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Krypton
The ocean molar abundances of Krypton is 1.6 x 10-9 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Krypton
The crust molar abundances of Krypton is 4 x 10-9 mol %
Nuclear properties of Krypton
Half life of Krypton
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Krypton is stable.
Stable isotopes of Krypton
The stable isotopes of Krypton are 84 Kr (57%)
Nuclear Spin of Krypton
The nuclear spin of Krypton is 78 Kr: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Krypton
The unstable isotopes of Krypton is 81 Kr (0.229 Myr)
Neutron Cross Section of Krypton
The neutron cross section of Krypton is 25 b
Identifiers of Krypton
CAS Number of Krypton
The CAS number of Krypton is 7439-90-9
PubChem CID number of Krypton
The PubChem CID number of Krypton is 5416