Indium is the forty-nine element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Indium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Indium are:
Atomic Symbol of Indium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Indium is “In”
Atomic Number of Indium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Indium is 49. This shows Indium is the forty-nine element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Indium
Short Electronic Configuration of Indium is [Kr]5s2 4d 10 5 p1
Block of Indium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Indium belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Indium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Indium belongs to the thirteen group.
Period of Indium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Indium is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Indium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Indium is 114.818 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Indium, we get 114 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Indium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Indium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Indium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Indium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Indium gas is 156.6 °C.
Boiling Point of Indium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Indium gas is 2072 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Indium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Indium is 3.26 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Indium gas is 230 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Indium at STP is 233 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Indium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Indium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Indium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Indium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Indium
The density of Indium element is 7.31 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Indium element
The liquid density of Indium atom is 7.02 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Indium
The molar volume of Indium is 15.71cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Indium Atom
The mohs hardness of Indium element is 1.2
Young's modulus of Indium
The young's modulus of Indium atom 11 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Indium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Indium gas is 4 MPa.
Sound speed of Indium atom
The sound speed of Indium gas is 1215 m/s
Thermal expansion of Indium
The thermal expansion of Indium is 3.21 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Indium
The thermal conductivity of Indium is 82 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Indium.
Electromagnetic properties of Indium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Indium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Indium
The magnetic type Indium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Indium element
The resistivity of Indium element is 8 x 10-8 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Indium gas
The electrical conductivity of Indium element is 1.2 x 107 s/m
Magnetic type of Indium element
The magnetic type of Indium atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Indium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Indium is -1.2 x 10 -7
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Indium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Indium is -1.4 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Indium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Indium gas is -1.61 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Indium Gas
The color of Indium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Indium gas.
Reactivity of Indium
Valency of Indium
The valency of a Indium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Indium is 3.
Electronegativity of Indium
Electronegativity of Indium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Indium has 1.78 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Indium
Electron affinity of Indium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Indium is 28.9 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Indium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Indium is 558.3 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Indium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Indium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Indium atom is 2 P1/2
Atomic Radius of Indium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Indium is 155 pm.
Covalent Radius of Indium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Indium is 142 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Indium
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Indium is 193 pm.
Abundances of Indium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Indium in the universe
The abundance of Indium in the universe is 3 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Indium in the solar system
The abundance of Indium in the solar system is 4 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Indium in earth's crust
The abundance of Indium in earth's crust is 1.6 x 10-5 mass %
Abundance of Indium in ocean
The abundance of Indium in ocean is 1 x 10-11 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Indium
The universe molar abundances of Indium is 3 x 10-10 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Indium
The solar molar abundances of Indium is 4 x 10 -49mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Indium
The ocean molar abundances of Indium is 5 x 10-6 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Indium
The crust molar abundances of Indium is 3 x 10-6 mol %
Nuclear properties of Indium
Half life of Indium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Indium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Indium
The stable isotopes of Indium are 113 In (4.29%)
Nuclear Spin of Indium
The nuclear spin of Indium is 113 In :9/2+
Unstable isotopes of Indium
The unstable isotopes of Indium is 115 In (441 trillion yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Indium
The neutron cross section of Indium is 194 b
Identifiers of Indium
CAS Number of Indium
The CAS number of Indium is 7440-74-6
PubChem CID number of Indium
The PubChem CID number of Indium is 5359967