# Gold Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of gold element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

Published on

Gold is the seventy-nine element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Gold

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Gold  are:

### Atomic Symbol of Gold

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Gold is “Au”

### Atomic Number of Gold

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Gold is 79. This shows Gold is the seventy-nine element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Gold

Short Electronic Configuration of Gold is [Xe]6s1 4 f14 5d 10

### Block of Gold in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Gold belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.

### Group of Gold in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Gold belongs to the eleventh group.

### Period of Gold in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Gold is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Gold

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Gold is 196.966569 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Gold , we get 196 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Gold

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Gold are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Gold is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Gold

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Gold gas is 1064.18 °C.

### Boiling Point of Gold

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Gold gas is 2856°C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Gold

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Gold is 12.5 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Gold gas is 330 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Gold at STP is 129.1 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Gold . Let’s find out all the material properties of Gold .

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Gold gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Gold as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Gold

The density of Gold element is  19.3 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Gold element

The liquid density of Gold atom is 17.31 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Gold

The molar volume of Gold is 10.2cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Gold Atom

The mohs hardness of Gold element is 2.5

### Bulk modulus of Gold Gas

The bulk modulus of Gold Gas is 220 GPa

### Shear modulus of Gold atom

The shear modulus of Gold element 27 GPa

### Young's modulus of Gold

The young's modulus of Gold atom 78 GPa

### Ultimate tensile strength of Gold element

The ultimate tensile strength of Gold gas is 120 MPa.

### Sound speed of Gold atom

The sound speed of Gold gas is 1740 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Gold

The thermal expansion of Gold is 1.42 x 10-5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Gold

The thermal conductivity of Gold is 320 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Gold .

## Electromagnetic properties of Gold

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Gold gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Gold

The magnetic type Gold refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Gold element

The resistivity of Gold element is 2.2 x 10-8 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Gold gas

The electrical conductivity of Gold element is 4.5 x 107 s/m

### Magnetic type of Gold element

The magnetic type of Gold atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Gold

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Gold is -3.44 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Gold

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Gold is -1.78 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Gold

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Gold gas is -3.51 x 10-10 m3/mol

### Color of Gold Gas

The color of Gold gas is gold.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Gold gas.

## Reactivity of Gold

### Valency of Gold

The valency of a Gold element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Gold is 5.

### Electronegativity of Gold

Electronegativity of Gold is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Gold  has 2.54 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Gold

Electron affinity of Gold gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Gold is 22.8 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Gold

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Gold is 890.1 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Gold

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Gold atom is 2 S1/2

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Gold is 135 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Gold is 136 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Gold

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Gold is 166 pm.

## Abundances of Gold

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Gold in the universe

The abundance of Gold in the universe is 6 x 10-8 mass %

### Abundance of Gold in the solar system

The abundance of Gold in the solar system is 1 x 10-7 mass %

### Abundance of Gold in earth's crust

The abundance of Gold in earth's crust is 3.1 x 10-7 mass %

### Abundance of Gold in ocean

The abundance of Gold in ocean is 5 x 10-9 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Gold

The universe molar abundances of Gold is 4 x 10-10 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Gold

The solar molar abundances of Gold is 9.9 x 10 -10 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Gold

The ocean molar abundances of Gold is 1.6 x 10-10 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Gold

The crust molar abundances of Gold is 3 x 10-8 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Gold

The crust molar abundances of Gold is 3 x 10-7 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Gold

### Half life of Gold

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Gold is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Gold

The stable isotopes of Gold are 197 Au (100%)

### Nuclear Spin of Gold

The nuclear spin of Gold is 197 Au: 3/2+

### Unstable isotopes of Gold

The unstable isotopes of Gold is 195 Au (186.1 days)

### Neutron Cross Section of Gold

The neutron cross section of Gold is 98.7 b

## Identifiers of Gold

### CAS Number of Gold

The CAS number of Gold is 7440-57-5

### PubChem CID number of Gold

The PubChem CID number of Gold is 23985