Gallium is the thirty-one element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Gallium

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Gallium are:

### Atomic Symbol of Gallium

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Gallium is “Ga”

### Atomic Number of Gallium

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Gallium is 31. This shows Gallium is the thirty-one element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Gallium

Short Electronic Configuration of Gallium is [Ar]4s2 3d 10 4p 1

### Block of Gallium in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Gallium belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.

### Group of Gallium in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Gallium belongs to the thirteenth group.

### Period of Gallium in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Gallium is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Gallium

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Gallium is 69.723 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Gallium, we get 69.723 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Gallium

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Gallium are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Gallium is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Gallium

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Gallium gas is 29.76°C.

### Boiling Point of Gallium

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Gallium gas is 2204 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Gallium

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Gallium is 5.59 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Gallium gas is 256 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Gallium at STP is 371 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Gallium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Gallium.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Gallium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Gallium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Gallium

The density of Gallium element is  5.904 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Gallium element

The liquid density of Gallium atom is 6.095 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Gallium

The molar volume of Gallium is 11.81cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Gallium Atom

The mohs hardness of Gallium element is 1.5

### Sound speed of Gallium atom

The sound speed of Gallium gas is 2740 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Gallium

The thermal expansion of Gallium is 1.2 x 10-5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Gallium

The thermal conductivity of Gallium is 29 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Gallium.

## Electromagnetic properties of Gallium

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Gallium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Gallium

The magnetic type Gallium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Gallium element

The resistivity of Gallium element is 1.4 x 10-7 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Gallium gas

The electrical conductivity of Gallium element is 7.1 x 106 s/m

### Magnetic type of Gallium element

The magnetic type of Gallium atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Gallium

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Gallium is -1.77 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Gallium

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Gallium is -3 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Gallium

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Gallium gas is -2.09 x 10-10 m3/mol

### Color of Gallium Gas

The color of Gallium gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Gallium gas.

## Reactivity of Gallium

### Valency of Gallium

The valency of a Gallium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Gallium is 3.

### Electronegativity of Gallium

Electronegativity of Gallium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Gallium has 1.81 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Gallium

Electron affinity of Gallium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Gallium is 28.9 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Gallium

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Gallium is 578.8 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Gallium

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Gallium atom is 2 P1/2

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Gallium is 130 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Gallium is 122 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Gallium

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Gallium is 187 pm.

## Abundances of Gallium

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Gallium in the universe

The abundance of Gallium in the universe is 1 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Gallium in the solar system

The abundance of Gallium in the solar system is 4 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Gallium in earth's crust

The abundance of Gallium in earth's crust is 0.0019 mass %

### Abundance of Gallium in ocean

The abundance of Gallium in ocean is 3 x 10-9 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Gallium

The universe molar abundances of Gallium is 2 x 10-8 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Gallium

The solar molar abundances of Gallium is 6 x 10 -8 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Gallium

The ocean molar abundances of Gallium is 2.7 x 10-10 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Gallium

The crust molar abundances of Gallium is 5.5 x 10-4 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Gallium

The crust molar abundances of Gallium is 0.038 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Gallium

### Half life of Gallium

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Gallium is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Gallium

The stable isotopes of Gallium are 69 Ga (60.108%) ꘡71 Ga (39.892%)

### Nuclear Spin of Gallium

The nuclear spin of Gallium is 69 Ga: 3/2- ꘡71 Ga: 3/2-

### Unstable isotopes of Gallium

The unstable isotopes of Gallium is 67 Ga (78.281 h)

### Neutron Cross Section of Gallium

The neutron cross section of Gallium is 2.9 b

## Identifiers of Gallium

### CAS Number of Gallium

The CAS number of Gallium is 7440-55-3

### PubChem CID number of Gallium

The PubChem CID number of Gallium is 5360835

## Online Calculators

There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:

## Other Periodic table elements

 Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson