# Copper Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of copper element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Copper is the twenty-nine element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Copper

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Copper are:

### Atomic Symbol of Copper

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Copper is “Cu”

### Atomic Number of Copper

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Copper is 29. This shows Copper is the twenty-nine element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Copper

Short Electronic Configuration of Copper is [Ar]4s1sd 10

### Block of Copper in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Copper belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the second block in the periodic table.

### Group of Copper in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Copper belongs to the eleventh group.

### Period of Copper in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Copper is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Copper

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Copper is 63.546 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Copper , we get 63.5 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Copper

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Copper are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Copper is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Copper

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Copper gas is 1084.62°C.

### Boiling Point of Copper

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Copper gas is 2562 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Copper

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Copper is 13.1 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Copper gas is 300 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Copper at STP is 384.4 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Copper . Let’s find out all the material properties of Copper .

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Copper gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Copper as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Copper

The density of Copper element is 8.96 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Copper element

The liquid density of Copper atom is 8.02 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Copper

The molar volume of Copper is 7.092cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Copper Atom

The mohs hardness of Copper element is 3

### Bulk modulus of Copper Gas

The bulk modulus of Copper Gas is 140 GPa

### Shear modulus of Copper atom

The shear modulus of Copper element 48 GPa

### Young's modulus of Copper

The young's modulus of Copper atom 130 GPa

### Sound speed of Copper atom

The sound speed of Copper gas is 3570 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Copper

The thermal expansion of Copper is 1.65 x 10-5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Copper

The thermal conductivity of Copper is 400 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Copper .

## Electromagnetic properties of Copper

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Copper gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Copper

The magnetic type Copper refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Copper element

The resistivity of Copper element is 1.7 x 10-8 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Copper gas

The electrical conductivity of Copper element is 5.9 x 107 s/m

### Magnetic type of Copper element

The magnetic type of Copper atom is diamagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Copper

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Copper is -9.63 x 10 -6

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Copper

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Copper is -1.08 x 10-9 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Copper

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Copper gas is -6.86 x 10-11 m3/mol

### Color of Copper Gas

The color of Copper gas is copper.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Copper gas.

## Reactivity of Copper

### Valency of Copper

The valency of a Copper element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Copper is 2.

### Electronegativity of Copper

Electronegativity of Copper is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Copper has 1.9 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Copper

Electron affinity of Copper gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Copper is 118.4 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Copper

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Copper is 745.5 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Copper

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Copper atom is 2 S1/2

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Copper is 135 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Copper is 132 pm.

### Van der Waals Radius of Copper

Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Copper is 140 pm.

## Abundances of Copper

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Copper in the universe

The abundance of Copper in the universe is 6 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Copper in the solar system

The abundance of Copper in the solar system is 7 x 10-5 mass %

### Abundance of Copper in earth's crust

The abundance of Copper in earth's crust is 0.0068 mass %

### Abundance of Copper in ocean

The abundance of Copper in ocean is 3 x 10-7 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Copper

The universe molar abundances of Copper is 1 x 10-7 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Copper

The solar molar abundances of Copper is 9.9 x 10 -7 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Copper

The ocean molar abundances of Copper is 2.9 x 10-8 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Copper

The crust molar abundances of Copper is 0.0022 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Copper

The crust molar abundances of Copper is 9.9 x 10-6 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Copper

### Half life of Copper

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Copper is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Copper

The stable isotopes of Copper are 63 Cu (69.17%) ꘡65 Cu ( 30.83%)

### Nuclear Spin of Copper

The nuclear spin of Copper is 63 Cu: 3/2- ꘡65 Cu: 3/2-

### Unstable isotopes of Copper

The unstable isotopes of Copper is 67 Cu (61.83 h)

### Neutron Cross Section of Copper

The neutron cross section of Copper is 3.78 b

## Identifiers of Copper

### CAS Number of Copper

The CAS number of Copper is 7440-50-8

### PubChem CID number of Copper

The PubChem CID number of Copper is 23978