Cerium is the fifty-eight element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Cerium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Cerium are:
Atomic Symbol of Cerium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Cerium is “Ce”
Atomic Number of Cerium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Cerium is 58. This shows Cerium is the fifty-eight element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Cerium
Short Electronic Configuration of Cerium is [Xe]6s2 4 f1 5d 1
Block of Cerium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Cerium belongs to the f-block of the periodic table. F block is the fourth block in the periodic table.
Period of Cerium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Cerium is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Cerium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Cerium is 140.116 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Cerium, we get 140 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Cerium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Cerium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Cerium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Cerium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Cerium gas is 798 °C.
Boiling Point of Cerium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Cerium gas is 3360°C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Cerium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Cerium is 5.5 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Cerium gas is 350 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Cerium at STP is 192 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Cerium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Cerium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Cerium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Cerium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Cerium
The density of Cerium element is 6.689 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Cerium element
The liquid density of Cerium atom is 6.55 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Cerium
The molar volume of Cerium is 20.95cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Cerium Atom
The mohs hardness of Cerium element is 2.5
Bulk modulus of Cerium Gas
The bulk modulus of Cerium Gas is 22 GPa
Shear modulus of Cerium atom
The shear modulus of Cerium element 14 GPa
Young's modulus of Cerium
The young's modulus of Cerium atom 34 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Cerium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Cerium gas is 100 MPa.
Sound speed of Cerium atom
The sound speed of Cerium gas is 2100 m/s
Thermal expansion of Cerium
The thermal expansion of Cerium is 6.3 x 10-6 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Cerium
The thermal conductivity of Cerium is 11 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Cerium.
Electromagnetic properties of Cerium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Cerium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Cerium
The magnetic type Cerium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Cerium element
The resistivity of Cerium element is 7.4 x 10-7 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Cerium gas
The electrical conductivity of Cerium element is 1.4 x 106 s/m
Magnetic type of Cerium element
The magnetic type of Cerium atom is paramagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Cerium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Cerium is 0.0014716
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Cerium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Cerium is 2.2 x 10-7 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Cerium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Cerium gas is 3.0826 x 10-8 m3/mol
Color of Cerium Gas
The color of Cerium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Cerium gas.
Reactivity of Cerium
Valency of Cerium
The valency of a Cerium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Cerium is 4.
Electronegativity of Cerium
Electronegativity of Cerium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Cerium has 1.12 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Cerium
Electron affinity of Cerium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Cerium is 50 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Cerium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Cerium is 534.4 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Cerium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Cerium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Cerium atom is 1 G4
Atomic Radius of Cerium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Cerium is 185 pm.
Covalent Radius of Cerium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Cerium is 204 pm.
Abundances of Cerium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Cerium in the universe
The abundance of Cerium in the universe is 1 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Cerium in the solar system
The abundance of Cerium in the solar system is 4 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Cerium in earth's crust
The abundance of Cerium in earth's crust is 0.006 mass %
Abundance of Cerium in ocean
The abundance of Cerium in ocean is 1.2 x 10-10 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Cerium
The universe molar abundances of Cerium is 9 x 10-9 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Cerium
The solar molar abundances of Cerium is 3 x 10 -9 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Cerium
The ocean molar abundances of Cerium is 5.3 x 10-12 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Cerium
The crust molar abundances of Cerium is 8.9 x 10-4 mol %
Nuclear properties of Cerium
Half life of Cerium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Cerium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Cerium
The stable isotopes of Cerium are 140 Ce (88.45%)
Nuclear Spin of Cerium
The nuclear spin of Cerium is 136 Ce: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Cerium
The unstable isotopes of Cerium is 144 Ce (284.91 days)
Neutron Cross Section of Cerium
The neutron cross section of Cerium is 0.6 b
Identifiers of Cerium
CAS Number of Cerium
The CAS number of Cerium is 7440-45-1
PubChem CID number of Cerium
The PubChem CID number of Cerium is 23974
There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:
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