Cadmium is the forty-eight element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Cadmium
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Cadmium are:
Atomic Symbol of Cadmium
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Cadmium is “Cd”
Atomic Number of Cadmium
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Cadmium is 48. This shows Cadmium is the forty-eight element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Cadmium
Short Electronic Configuration of Cadmium is [Kr]5s2 4d 10
Block of Cadmium in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Cadmium belongs to the d-block of the periodic table. D block is the third block in the periodic table.
Group of Cadmium in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Cadmium belongs to the twelfth group.
Period of Cadmium in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Cadmium is placed in the fifth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Cadmium
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Cadmium is 112.414 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Cadmium, we get 112 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Cadmium
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Cadmium are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Cadmium is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Cadmium
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Cadmium gas is 321.07 °C.
Boiling Point of Cadmium
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Cadmium gas is 321.07 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Cadmium
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Cadmium is 6.3 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Cadmium gas is 100 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Cadmium at STP is 230 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Cadmium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Cadmium.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Cadmium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Cadmium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Cadmium
The density of Cadmium element is 8.65 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Cadmium element
The liquid density of Cadmium atom is 7.996 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Cadmium
The molar volume of Cadmium is 1cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Cadmium Atom
The mohs hardness of Cadmium element is 2
Bulk modulus of Cadmium Gas
The bulk modulus of Cadmium Gas is 42 GPa
Shear modulus of Cadmium atom
The shear modulus of Cadmium element 19 GPa
Young's modulus of Cadmium
The young's modulus of Cadmium atom 50 GPa
Ultimate tensile strength of Cadmium element
The ultimate tensile strength of Cadmium gas is 75 MPa.
Sound speed of Cadmium atom
The sound speed of Cadmium gas is 2310 m/s
Thermal expansion of Cadmium
The thermal expansion of Cadmium is 3.08 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Cadmium
The thermal conductivity of Cadmium is 97 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Cadmium.
Electromagnetic properties of Cadmium
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Cadmium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Cadmium
The magnetic type Cadmium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Cadmium element
The resistivity of Cadmium element is 7 x 10-8 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Cadmium gas
The electrical conductivity of Cadmium element is 1.4 x 107 s/m
Magnetic type of Cadmium element
The magnetic type of Cadmium atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Cadmium
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Cadmium is -1.99 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Cadmium
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Cadmium is 8-2.3 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Cadmium
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Cadmium gas is -2.59 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Cadmium Gas
The color of Cadmium gas is silver.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Cadmium gas.
Reactivity of Cadmium
Valency of Cadmium
The valency of a Cadmium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Cadmium is 2.
Electronegativity of Cadmium
Electronegativity of Cadmium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Cadmium has 1.67 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Cadmium
Electron affinity of Cadmium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Cadmium is 0 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Cadmium
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Cadmium is 867.8 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Cadmium have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Cadmium
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Cadmium atom is 1 S0
Atomic Radius of Cadmium
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Cadmium is 155 pm.
Covalent Radius of Cadmium
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Cadmium is 144 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Cadmium
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Cadmium is 158 pm.
Abundances of Cadmium
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Cadmium in the universe
The abundance of Cadmium in the universe is 2 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Cadmium in the solar system
The abundance of Cadmium in the solar system is 6 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Cadmium in earth's crust
The abundance of Cadmium in earth's crust is 1.5 x 10-5 mass %
Abundance of Cadmium in ocean
The abundance of Cadmium in ocean is 5 x 10-9 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Cadmium
The universe molar abundances of Cadmium is 2 x 10-9 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Cadmium
The solar molar abundances of Cadmium is 7 x 10 -9 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Cadmium
The ocean molar abundances of Cadmium is 2.8 x 10-10 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Cadmium
The crust molar abundances of Cadmium is 3 x 10-6 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Cadmium
The crust molar abundances of Cadmium is 3.9 x 10-6 mol %
Nuclear properties of Cadmium
Half life of Cadmium
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Cadmium is stable.
Stable isotopes of Cadmium
The stable isotopes of Cadmium are 114 Cd (28.73%)
Nuclear Spin of Cadmium
The nuclear spin of Cadmium is 106 Cd: 0+
Unstable isotopes of Cadmium
The unstable isotopes of Cadmium is 116 Cd (3.1 x 10 19 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Cadmium
The neutron cross section of Cadmium is 2450 b
Identifiers of Cadmium
CAS Number of Cadmium
The CAS number of Cadmium is 7440-43-9
PubChem CID number of Cadmium
The PubChem CID number of Cadmium is 23973