Bromine is the thirty-five element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Bromine
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Bromine are:
Atomic Symbol of Bromine
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Bromine is “Br”
Atomic Number of Bromine
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Bromine is 35. This shows Bromine is the thirty-five element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Bromine
Short Electronic Configuration of Bromine is [Ar]4s2 3d 10 4 p5
Block of Bromine in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Bromine belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Bromine in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Bromine belongs to the seventeenth group.
Period of Bromine in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Bromine is placed in the fourth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Bromine
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Bromine is 79.904 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Bromine, we get 79 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Bromine
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Bromine are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Bromine is “liquid”.
Melting Point of Bromine
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Bromine gas is -7.3 °C.
Boiling Point of Bromine
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Bromine gas is 59 °C.
Critical Temperature of Bromine
A critical temperature is a point at which a gas cannot become liquid even if we are applying pressure. The critical temperature of Bromine gas is 588 K.
Critical Pressure of Bromine
The critical pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical temperature. The critical pressure of Bromine gas is 10.34 MPa.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Bromine
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Bromine is 5.8 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Bromine gas is 14.8 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Bromine at STP is 947.3 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Bromine. Let’s find out all the material properties of Bromine.
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Bromine gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Bromine as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Bromine
The density of Bromine element is 3.12 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Bromine element
The liquid density of Bromine atom is 3.12 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Bromine
The molar volume of Bromine is 25.61cm3/mol
Bulk modulus of Bromine Gas
The bulk modulus of Bromine Gas is 1.9 GPa
Thermal Conductivity of Bromine
The thermal conductivity of Bromine is 0.12 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Bromine.
Electromagnetic properties of Bromine
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Bromine gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Bromine
The magnetic type Bromine refers to the fact that it is a insulator.
Resistivity of Bromine element
The resistivity of Bromine element is 1 x 10-10 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Bromine gas
The electrical conductivity of Bromine element is 1 x 1010 s/m
Magnetic type of Bromine element
The magnetic type of Bromine atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Bromine
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Bromine is -1.53 x 10 -5
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Bromine
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Bromine is -4.9 x 10-9 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Bromine
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Bromine gas is -7.83 x 10-10 m3/mol
Color of Bromine Gas
The color of Bromine gas is red.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Bromine gas.
Reactivity of Bromine
Valency of Bromine
The valency of a Bromine element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Bromine is 5.
Electronegativity of Bromine
Electronegativity of Bromine is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Bromine has 2.96 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Bromine
Electron affinity of Bromine gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Bromine is 324.6 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Bromine
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Bromine is 1139.9 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Bromine have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Bromine
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Bromine atom is 2 P3/2
Atomic Radius of Bromine
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Bromine is 115 pm.
Covalent Radius of Bromine
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Bromine is 120 pm.
Van der Waals Radius of Bromine
Van der waals radius is the measurement for the size of an atom that is not chemically bonded. The van der Waals radius of Bromine is 185 pm.
Abundances of Bromine
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Bromine in the universe
The abundance of Bromine in the universe is 7 x 10-7 mass %
Abundance of Bromine in earth's crust
The abundance of Bromine in earth's crust is 3 x 10-4 mass %
Abundance of Bromine in ocean
The abundance of Bromine in ocean is 0.0067 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Bromine
The universe molar abundances of Bromine is 1 x 10-8 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Bromine
The ocean molar abundances of Bromine is 5.2 x 10-4 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Bromine
The crust molar abundances of Bromine is 7.8 x 10-5 mol %
Human Molar Abundances of Bromine
The crust molar abundances of Bromine is 2.3 x 10-5 mol %
Nuclear properties of Bromine
Half life of Bromine
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Bromine is stable.
Stable isotopes of Bromine
The stable isotopes of Bromine are 79 Br (50.69%) ꘡81 Br (49.31%)
Nuclear Spin of Bromine
The nuclear spin of Bromine is 79 Br: 3/2-꘡81 Br: 3/2-
Unstable isotopes of Bromine
The unstable isotopes of Bromine is 77 Br (57.0361 h)
Neutron Cross Section of Bromine
The neutron cross section of Bromine is 6.8 b
Identifiers of Bromine
CAS Number of Bromine
The CAS number of Bromine is 7726-95-6
PubChem CID number of Bromine
The PubChem CID number of Bromine is 24408