Bismuth is the eighty-three element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.
Basic elemental properties of Bismuth
There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Bismuth are:
Atomic Symbol of Bismuth
Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Bismuth is “Bi”
Atomic Number of Bismuth
Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.
Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Bismuth is 83. This shows Bismuth is the eighty-three element of the periodic table.
Short Electronic Configuration of Bismuth
Short Electronic Configuration of Bismuth is [Xe]6s2 ,4 f14 , 5d 10, 6 p3
Block of Bismuth in Periodic Table
There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Bismuth belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.
Group of Bismuth in Periodic Table
Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Bismuth belongs to the fifteenth group.
Period of Bismuth in Periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Bismuth is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .
Atomic Mass of Bismuth
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Bismuth is 208.9804 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Bismuth , we get 209 u.
Thermodynamic properties of Bismuth
Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Bismuth are:
Phase at STP
Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Bismuth is “Solid”.
Melting Point of Bismuth
Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Bismuth gas is 271.3 °C.
Boiling Point of Bismuth
A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Bismuth gas is 1564 °C.
Molar Heat of Fusion of Bismuth
Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Bismuth is 10.9 kJ/mol.
Molar heat of Vaporization
The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Bismuth gas is 160 kJ/mol.
Specific heat at STP
The specific heat of Bismuth at STP is 122 J(kgK).
These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Bismuth . Let’s find out all the material properties of Bismuth .
We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Bismuth gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Bismuth as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.
Density of Bismuth
The density of Bismuth element is 9.78 g/cm3
Liquid Density of Bismuth element
The liquid density of Bismuth atom is 10.05 g/cm3
Molar Volume of Bismuth
The molar volume of Bismuth is 21.37cm3/mol
Mohs hardness of Bismuth Atom
The mohs hardness of Bismuth element is 21.37
Bulk modulus of Bismuth Gas
The bulk modulus of Bismuth Gas is 31 GPa
Shear modulus of Bismuth atom
The shear modulus of Bismuth element 12 GPa
Young's modulus of Bismuth
The young's modulus of Bismuth atom 32 GPa
Sound speed of Bismuth atom
The sound speed of Bismuth gas is 1790 m/s
Thermal expansion of Bismuth
The thermal expansion of Bismuth is 1.34 x 10-5 K-1
Thermal Conductivity of Bismuth
The thermal conductivity of Bismuth is 8 W/(mK)
These are the main material properties of Bismuth .
Electromagnetic properties of Bismuth
When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Bismuth gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.
Electric type of Bismuth
The magnetic type Bismuth refers to the fact that it is a conductor.
Resistivity of Bismuth element
The resistivity of Bismuth element is 1.3 x 10-6 Ωm
Electrical conductivity of Bismuth gas
The electrical conductivity of Bismuth element is 770,000 s/m
Magnetic type of Bismuth element
The magnetic type of Bismuth atom is diamagnetic
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Bismuth
The volume magnetic susceptibility of Bismuth is -1.7 x 10 -4
Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Bismuth
The mass magnetic susceptibility of Bismuth is -1.7 x 10-8 m3/kg
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Bismuth
The molar magnetic susceptibility of Bismuth gas is -3.6 x 10-9 m3/mol
Color of Bismuth Gas
The color of Bismuth gas is gray.
These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Bismuth gas.
Reactivity of Bismuth
Valency of Bismuth
The valency of a Bismuth element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Bismuth is 5.
Electronegativity of Bismuth
Electronegativity of Bismuth is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Bismuth has 2.02 electronegativity.
Electron affinity of Bismuth
Electron affinity of Bismuth gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Bismuth is 91.2 kJ/mol
First ionization energy of Bismuth
It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Bismuth is 703 kJ/mol
The atomic properties of Bismuth have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.
Term Symbol of Bismuth
The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Bismuth atom is 4 S3/2
Atomic Radius of Bismuth
The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Bismuth is 160 pm.
Covalent Radius of Bismuth
Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Bismuth is 148 pm.
Abundances of Bismuth
It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.
Abundance of Bismuth in the universe
The abundance of Bismuth in the universe is 7 x 10-8 mass %
Abundance of Bismuth in the solar system
The abundance of Bismuth in the solar system is 1 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Bismuth in earth's crust
The abundance of Bismuth in earth's crust is 2.5 x 10-6 mass %
Abundance of Bismuth in ocean
The abundance of Bismuth in ocean is 2 x 10-9 mass %
Universe Molar Abundances of Bismuth
The universe molar abundances of Bismuth is 4 x 10-10 mol %
Solar Molar Abundances of Bismuth
The solar molar abundances of Bismuth is 7 x 10 -9 mol %
Ocean Molar Abundances of Bismuth
The ocean molar abundances of Bismuth is 5.9 x 10-11 mol %
Crust Molar Abundances of Bismuth
The crust molar abundances of Bismuth is 2 x 10-7 mol %
Nuclear properties of Bismuth
Half life of Bismuth
Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Bismuth is stable.
Specific Radioactivity of Bismuth
The specific radioactivity of Bismuth are 3.3 x 10-6 Bq/g
Decay Mode of Bismuth
The decay mode of Bismuth is alpha emission
Unstable isotopes of Bismuth
The unstable isotopes of Bismuth is 209 Bi (1.9 x 10 19 yr)
Neutron Cross Section of Bismuth
The neutron cross section of Bismuth is 0.034 b
Identifiers of Bismuth
CAS Number of Bismuth
The CAS number of Bismuth is 7440-69-9
PubChem CID number of Bismuth
The PubChem CID number of Bismuth is 5359367
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