# Barium Element

Find elemental, thermodynamic, material, electromagnetic, atomic & nuclear properties of barium element along with reactivity and abundance.

Sarah Taylor-

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Barium is the fifty-six element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

## Basic elemental properties of Barium

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Barium are:

### Atomic Symbol of Barium

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Barium is “Ba”

### Atomic Number of Barium

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Barium is 56. This shows Barium is the fifty-six element of the periodic table.

### Short Electronic Configuration of Barium

Short Electronic Configuration of Barium is [Xe]6s2

### Block of Barium in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Barium belongs to the s-block of the periodic table. S block is also the first block in the periodic table.

### Group of Barium in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Barium belongs to the second group.

### Period of Barium in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Barium is placed in the sixth period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

### Atomic Mass of Barium

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Barium is 137.327 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Barium, we get 14 u.

## Thermodynamic properties of Barium

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Barium are:

### Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Barium is “Solid”.

### Melting Point of Barium

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Barium gas is 727 °C.

### Boiling Point of Barium

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Barium gas is 1870 °C.

### Molar Heat of Fusion of Barium

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Barium is 8 kJ/mol.

### Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Barium gas is 140 kJ/mol.

### Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Barium at STP is 205 J(kgK).

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Barium. Let’s find out all the material properties of Barium.

## Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Barium gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Barium as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

### Density of Barium

The density of Barium element is  3.51 g/cm3

### Liquid Density of Barium element

The liquid density of Barium atom is 3.338 g/cm3

### Molar Volume of Barium

The molar volume of Barium is 39.12cm3/mol

### Mohs hardness of Barium Atom

The mohs hardness of Barium element is 1.5

### Bulk modulus of Barium Gas

The bulk modulus of Barium Gas is 9.6 GPa

### Shear modulus of Barium atom

The shear modulus of Barium element 4.9 GPa

### Young's modulus of Barium

The young's modulus of Barium atom 13 GPa

### Sound speed of Barium atom

The sound speed of Barium gas is 1620 m/s

### Thermal expansion of Barium

The thermal expansion of Barium is 2.06 x 10-5 K-1

### Thermal Conductivity of Barium

The thermal conductivity of Barium is 18 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Barium.

## Electromagnetic properties of Barium

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Barium gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

### Electric type of Barium

The magnetic type Barium refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

### Resistivity of Barium element

The resistivity of Barium element is 3.5 x 10-7 Ωm

### Electrical conductivity of Barium gas

The electrical conductivity of Barium element is 2.9 x 106 s/m

### Magnetic type of Barium element

The magnetic type of Barium atom is paramagnetic

### Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Barium

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Barium is 3.966 x 10 -5

### Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Barium

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Barium is 1.13 x 10-8 m3/kg

### Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Barium

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Barium gas is 1.552 x 10-9 m3/mol

### Color of Barium Gas

The color of Barium gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Barium gas.

## Reactivity of Barium

### Valency of Barium

The valency of a Barium element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Barium is 2.

### Electronegativity of Barium

Electronegativity of Barium is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Barium has 0.89 electronegativity.

### Electron affinity of Barium

Electron affinity of Barium gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Barium is 13.95 kJ/mol

### First ionization energy of Barium

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Barium is 502.9 kJ/mol

## Atomic properties

Term Symbol of Barium

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Barium atom is 1 S0

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Barium is 215 pm.

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Barium is 215 pm.

## Abundances of Barium

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present.

### Abundance of Barium in the universe

The abundance of Barium in the universe is 1 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Barium in the solar system

The abundance of Barium in the solar system is 1 x 10-6 mass %

### Abundance of Barium in earth's crust

The abundance of Barium in earth's crust is 0.034 mass %

### Abundance of Barium in ocean

The abundance of Barium in ocean is 3 x 10-6 mass %

### Universe Molar Abundances of Barium

The universe molar abundances of Barium is 9 x 10-9 mol %

### Solar Molar Abundances of Barium

The solar molar abundances of Barium is 9.9 x 10 -9 mol %

### Ocean Molar Abundances of Barium

The ocean molar abundances of Barium is 1.4 x 10-7 mol %

### Crust Molar Abundances of Barium

The crust molar abundances of Barium is 0.0051 mol %

### Human Molar Abundances of Barium

The crust molar abundances of Barium is 1.4 x 10-6 mol %

## Nuclear properties of Barium

### Half life of Barium

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Barium is stable.

### Stable isotopes of Barium

The stable isotopes of Barium are 138 Ba (71.698%)

### Nuclear Spin of Barium

The nuclear spin of Barium is 130 Ba: 0+

### Unstable isotopes of Barium

The unstable isotopes of Barium is 133 Ba (10.52 yr)

### Neutron Cross Section of Barium

The neutron cross section of Barium is 1.3 b

## Identifiers of Barium

### CAS Number of Barium

The CAS number of Barium is 7440-39-3

### PubChem CID number of Barium

The PubChem CID number of Barium is 5355457