Table of contents

Aluminum is the thirteenth element in the periodic table. A periodic table contains 118 elements distributed in 7 rows and 18 columns. The rows are known as periods and the columns are the groups of the periodic table. The elements of the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic number.

Basic elemental properties of Aluminum

There are 118 different elements in the periodic table but there are some basic elemental properties of each. In a periodic table, elements with basic elemental properties are grouped together. Basic elemental properties of Aluminum are:

Atomic Symbol of Aluminum

Every element in the periodic table has its atomic symbol or chemical symbol for representation. The atomic symbol of Aluminum is “Al”

Atomic Number of Aluminum

Elements in the periodic table are arranged in groups and periods on the basis of their atomic number.

Atomic number is the number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number of Aluminum is 13. This shows Aluminum is the thirteenth element of the periodic table.

Short Electronic Configuration of Aluminum

Short Electronic Configuration of Aluminum is [Ne]3s2 3p 1

Block of Aluminum in Periodic Table

There are four blocks (s, p, d, f) in the periodic table. Aluminum belongs to the p-block of the periodic table. P block is the second block in the periodic table.

Group of Aluminum in Periodic Table

Groups are the columns of the periodic table and Aluminum belongs to the thirteenth group.

Period of Aluminum in Periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged in periods and groups. The rows going across left to right are periods and Aluminum is placed in the third period. Elements that are present in a period share common properties .

Atomic Mass of Aluminum 

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and the atomic mass of Aluminum is 26.9815385 u. If we round off the atomic mass of Aluminum, we get 26.9815385 u.

Thermodynamic properties of Aluminum

Thermodynamic properties are the characteristic features of a system, capable of specifying the system's state. The thermodynamic properties of an element include chemical, physical and thermal properties. The thermodynamic properties of Aluminum are:

Phase at STP

Phase at STP is the state in which an element is present. The stp phase of Aluminum is “Solid”.

Melting Point of Aluminum

Melting point is a temperature at which an element of substance changes its state from solid to liquid. The melting point of Aluminum gas is 660.32 °C.

Boiling Point of Aluminum

A boiling point is a temperature at which an element of a substance starts turning into vapors. The boiling point of Aluminum gas is 2519 °C.

Molar Heat of Fusion of Aluminum

Molar Heat of Fusion is the energy required to melt each mole of substance. The molar heat of fusion of Aluminum is 10.7 kJ/mol.

Molar heat of Vaporization

The Molar heat of vaporization is the heat absorbed by the one specific mole of a substance. The molar heat of vaporization of Aluminum gas is 293 kJ/mol.

Specific heat at STP

The specific heat of Aluminum at STP is 904 J(kgK).


 

These are some of the main thermodynamic properties of Aluminum. Let’s find out all the material properties of Aluminum.

Material properties

We have discussed basic elemental properties and thermodynamic properties of Aluminum gas. Besides these, there are many material properties of Aluminum as well. Some of the material properties include density, molar volume, refractive index and thermal conductivity.

Density of Aluminum

The density of Aluminum element is  2.7 g/cm3

Liquid Density of Aluminum element

The liquid density of Aluminum atom is 2.375 g/cm3 

Molar Volume of Aluminum

The molar volume of Aluminum is 103/mol

Mohs hardness of Aluminum Atom

The mohs hardness of Aluminum element is 2.75

Bulk modulus of Aluminum Gas

The bulk modulus of Aluminum Gas is 76 GPa

Shear modulus of Aluminum atom

The shear modulus of Aluminum element 26 GPa

Young's modulus of Aluminum

The young's modulus of Aluminum atom 70 GPa

Sound speed of Aluminum atom

The sound speed of Aluminum gas is 5100 m/s

Thermal expansion of Aluminum

The thermal expansion of Aluminum is 2.31 x -5 K-1

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum

The thermal conductivity of Aluminum is 235 W/(mK)

These are the main material properties of Aluminum.

Electromagnetic properties of Aluminum

When there is any emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiations, a martial responds to these changes. All elements of a periodic table have electromagnetic properties. Some of the main electromagnetic properties of Aluminum gas include magnetic types, magnetic volume, mass magnetic susceptibility and color.

Electric type of Aluminum

The magnetic type Aluminum refers to the fact that it is a conductor.

Resistivity of Aluminum element

The resistivity of Aluminum element is 2.6 x 10-8 Ωm

Electrical conductivity of Aluminum gas

The electrical conductivity of Aluminum element is 3.8 x 107 s/m

Magnetic type of Aluminum element

The magnetic type of Aluminum atom is paramagnetic

Volume Magnetic Susceptibility of Aluminum

The volume magnetic susceptibility of Aluminum is 2.11 x 10 -5

Mass Magnetic Susceptibility of Aluminum

The mass magnetic susceptibility of Aluminum is 7.8 x 10-9 m3/kg

Molar Magnetic Susceptibility of Aluminum

The molar magnetic susceptibility of Aluminum gas is 2.1 x 10-10 m3/mol

Color of Aluminum Gas

The color of Aluminum gas is silver.

These are some of the main electromagnetic properties of Aluminum gas.

Reactivity of Aluminum

Valency of Aluminum

The valency of a Aluminum element is a number that represents the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms. The valency of Aluminum is 3.

Electronegativity of Aluminum

Electronegativity of Aluminum is the tendency of its atom participating in a covalent bond to attract the bonding electrons. Aluminum has 1.61 electronegativity.

Electron affinity of Aluminum

Electron affinity of Aluminum gas is the energy released when one electron is added to a neutral atom to form an anion. The electron affinity of Aluminum is 42.5 kJ/mol

First ionization energy of Aluminum

It is the energy to remove the outermost electron from the neutral atom in the gas phase. The first ionization energy of Aluminum is 577.5 kJ/mol


 

Atomic properties

The atomic properties of Aluminum have term symbol, atomic radius, covalent radius, van der waals radius.

Term Symbol of Aluminum

The term symbol specifies the electronic state of an atom. The term symbol of Aluminum atom is 2 P1/2

Atomic Radius of Aluminum

The total distance from an atom's nucleus to the outermost orbital of an electron is its atomic radius. The atomic radius of Aluminum is 125 pm.

Covalent Radius of Aluminum

Covalent radius is the measurement of an atom's size that forms a covalent bond. The covalent radius of Aluminum is 121 pm.

Abundances of Aluminum

It is the measure that tells us about the percentage of which it is present. 

Abundance of Aluminum in the universe

The abundance of Aluminum in the universe is 0.005 mass %

Abundance of Aluminum in the solar system

The abundance of Aluminum in the solar system is 0.006 mass %

Abundance of Aluminum in earth's crust

The abundance of Aluminum in earth's crust is 8.1 mass %

Abundance of Aluminum in ocean

The abundance of Aluminum in ocean is 5 x 10-7 mass %

Universe Molar Abundances of Aluminum

The universe molar abundances of Aluminum is 2 x 10-4 mol %

Solar Molar Abundances of Aluminum

The solar molar abundances of Aluminum is 3 x 10 -4 mol %

Ocean Molar Abundances of Aluminum

The ocean molar abundances of Aluminum is 1.1 x 10-7 mol %

Crust Molar Abundances of Aluminum

The crust molar abundances of Aluminum is 6.3 mol %

Human Molar Abundances of Aluminum

The crust molar abundances of Aluminum is 2.1 x 10-5 mol %

Nuclear properties of Aluminum

Half life of Aluminum

Half life is the time for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value. The half Life of Aluminum is stable.

Stable isotopes of Aluminum

The stable isotopes of Aluminum are 27 Al (100%) 

Nuclear Spin of Aluminum

The nuclear spin of Aluminum is 27 Al 5/2+

Unstable isotopes of Aluminum

The unstable isotopes of Aluminum is 26 Al (0.717 Myr)

Neutron Cross Section of Aluminum

The neutron cross section of Aluminum is 0.233 b

Identifiers of Aluminum

CAS Number of Aluminum

The CAS number of Aluminum is 7429-90-5

PubChem CID number of Aluminum

The PubChem CID number of Aluminum is 5359268

Online Calculators

There are free online calculators on this website which you can use for accurate calculations. These tools are:

Other Periodic table elements

Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen
Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur
Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium
Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium
Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium
Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium
Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium
Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium
Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium
Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury
Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium
Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium
Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium
Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium
Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson